open access

Vol 64, No 2 (2013)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2013-05-23
Submitted: 2013-05-23
Accepted: 2013-05-23
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Relationships between work environment factors and workers’ well-being in the maritime industry

Morten Birkeland Nielsen, Kjersti Bergheim, Jarle Eid
International Maritime Health 2013;64(2):80-88.

open access

Vol 64, No 2 (2013)
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2013-05-23
Submitted: 2013-05-23
Accepted: 2013-05-23

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to determine whether physical and psychosocial work factors arerelated to the levels of job satisfaction and intentions to leave in the maritime industry, and to determinewhether there exist cross-cultural differences in work factors, job satisfaction and intentions to leave between European and Filipino crew members.

Material and methods: Using a cross-sectional survey design, the variables were assessed in a sampleof 541 seafarers from 2 large Norwegian shipping companies. Work factors included safety perceptions,leadership, job demands, harassment, and team cohesion.

Results: The findings show that physical and psychosocial work factors are important correlates of bothintentions to leave and job satisfaction, with safety perceptions, job demands, and team cohesion as thestrongest and most consistent factors. As for cross-cultural differences, the findings show that Europeanand Filipino respondents differ with regard to safety perceptions, laissez-faire leadership, authentic leadership,exposure to harassment, team cohesion, and intentions to leave. No differences were establishedwith regard to overall job satisfaction.

Conclusions: The findings support occupational stress models which emphasise the importance of situationalfactors in the understanding of well-being among workers. Shipping companies should thereforealways take these factors into consideration when developing and implementing interventions aimed atimproving employee well-being.

Abstract

Background: The aim of this study was to determine whether physical and psychosocial work factors arerelated to the levels of job satisfaction and intentions to leave in the maritime industry, and to determinewhether there exist cross-cultural differences in work factors, job satisfaction and intentions to leave between European and Filipino crew members.

Material and methods: Using a cross-sectional survey design, the variables were assessed in a sampleof 541 seafarers from 2 large Norwegian shipping companies. Work factors included safety perceptions,leadership, job demands, harassment, and team cohesion.

Results: The findings show that physical and psychosocial work factors are important correlates of bothintentions to leave and job satisfaction, with safety perceptions, job demands, and team cohesion as thestrongest and most consistent factors. As for cross-cultural differences, the findings show that Europeanand Filipino respondents differ with regard to safety perceptions, laissez-faire leadership, authentic leadership,exposure to harassment, team cohesion, and intentions to leave. No differences were establishedwith regard to overall job satisfaction.

Conclusions: The findings support occupational stress models which emphasise the importance of situationalfactors in the understanding of well-being among workers. Shipping companies should thereforealways take these factors into consideration when developing and implementing interventions aimed atimproving employee well-being.

Get Citation

Keywords

seafaring, job satisfaction, turnover intentions, work environment, saf

About this article
Title

Relationships between work environment factors and workers’ well-being in the maritime industry

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 64, No 2 (2013)

Pages

80-88

Published online

2013-05-23

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2013;64(2):80-88.

Keywords

seafaring
job satisfaction
turnover intentions
work environment
saf

Authors

Morten Birkeland Nielsen
Kjersti Bergheim
Jarle Eid

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