open access

Vol 62, No 3 (2010)
EDITORIAL
Published online: 2010-12-06
Submitted: 2013-02-18
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Cardiovascular diseases in modern maritime industry

Marcus Oldenburg, Xaver Baur, Clara Schlaich
International Maritime Health 2010;62(3):101-106.

open access

Vol 62, No 3 (2010)
EDITORIAL
Published online: 2010-12-06
Submitted: 2013-02-18

Abstract

Acute cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main natural causes of death in industrialized countries - both at sea and on land. Seafarers face very specific job-related cardiac risk factors, such as time pressure, long working hours, or high stress factors onboard [1, 2]. Taking into consideration the healthy worker effect of seafarers, cardiac risk factors are shown to occur slightly more frequently in seafarers than in the general population. Owing to the lack of health professionals onboard and the limited treatment options of events at sea, effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation is often delayed and the outcome of cardiac events may be worse compared to that in other occupations ashore.
Seafarers’ medical surveillance examinations should be used more intensively as an opportunity for education of crews in CVD risks and the possibilities to reduce them. Further, enhancement of treatment options (e.g. by implementation of advanced therapy and diagnostics such as telemedicine or AED onboard) may contribute to improved CVD prognosis at sea.

Abstract

Acute cardiovascular diseases (CVD) are the main natural causes of death in industrialized countries - both at sea and on land. Seafarers face very specific job-related cardiac risk factors, such as time pressure, long working hours, or high stress factors onboard [1, 2]. Taking into consideration the healthy worker effect of seafarers, cardiac risk factors are shown to occur slightly more frequently in seafarers than in the general population. Owing to the lack of health professionals onboard and the limited treatment options of events at sea, effective cardiopulmonary resuscitation is often delayed and the outcome of cardiac events may be worse compared to that in other occupations ashore.
Seafarers’ medical surveillance examinations should be used more intensively as an opportunity for education of crews in CVD risks and the possibilities to reduce them. Further, enhancement of treatment options (e.g. by implementation of advanced therapy and diagnostics such as telemedicine or AED onboard) may contribute to improved CVD prognosis at sea.
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About this article
Title

Cardiovascular diseases in modern maritime industry

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 62, No 3 (2010)

Pages

101-106

Published online

2010-12-06

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2010;62(3):101-106.

Authors

Marcus Oldenburg
Xaver Baur
Clara Schlaich

References (24)
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