open access

Vol 63, No 1 (2011)
TROPICAL MEDICINE Original article
Published online: 2011-04-29
Submitted: 2013-02-18
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Health hazards in areas of military operations conducted in different climatic and sanitary conditions

Krzysztof Korzeniewski
International Maritime Health 2011;63(1):41-62.

open access

Vol 63, No 1 (2011)
TROPICAL MEDICINE Original article
Published online: 2011-04-29
Submitted: 2013-02-18

Abstract

This paper reviews the most common health hazards occurring among personnel of peacekeeping and stabilization missions functioning within armed conflicts in the contemporary world. Military operations have been executed in diverse climatic and sanitary conditions, which are frequently unfamiliar for their participants. Some of them, e.g. the UN peacekeeping missions in the Middle East (Lebanon, the Golan Heights), have been carried out in a relatively stable geopolitical environment; whereas, stabilization missions in Iraq and Afghanistan, which are actually combat activities, undoubtedly fall into the group of the most perilous military operations in the world. Hot or cold climate, poor sanitary and hygienic conditions along with warfare facilitate the occurrence of numerous diseases and body injuries not only among the local people but also among peacekeepers, who represent the population of immigrants. Health hazards which pose major epidemiological threats in combat zones are arthropod-borne, food and water-borne, respiratory tract diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, enzootic diseases, battle injuries, and non- -battle injuries, e.g. traffic accidents. Another considerable health problem are psychiatric disorders, which can either appear directly after the occurrence of a traumatic event in a combat zone or indirectly, after some time had elapsed. In addition to the health hazards listed above, environmental factors such as changeable weather conditions and local fauna may also be life threatening.
(Int Marit Health 2011; 62, 1: 41–62)

Abstract

This paper reviews the most common health hazards occurring among personnel of peacekeeping and stabilization missions functioning within armed conflicts in the contemporary world. Military operations have been executed in diverse climatic and sanitary conditions, which are frequently unfamiliar for their participants. Some of them, e.g. the UN peacekeeping missions in the Middle East (Lebanon, the Golan Heights), have been carried out in a relatively stable geopolitical environment; whereas, stabilization missions in Iraq and Afghanistan, which are actually combat activities, undoubtedly fall into the group of the most perilous military operations in the world. Hot or cold climate, poor sanitary and hygienic conditions along with warfare facilitate the occurrence of numerous diseases and body injuries not only among the local people but also among peacekeepers, who represent the population of immigrants. Health hazards which pose major epidemiological threats in combat zones are arthropod-borne, food and water-borne, respiratory tract diseases, sexually transmitted diseases, enzootic diseases, battle injuries, and non- -battle injuries, e.g. traffic accidents. Another considerable health problem are psychiatric disorders, which can either appear directly after the occurrence of a traumatic event in a combat zone or indirectly, after some time had elapsed. In addition to the health hazards listed above, environmental factors such as changeable weather conditions and local fauna may also be life threatening.
(Int Marit Health 2011; 62, 1: 41–62)
Get Citation

Keywords

health hazards; soldiers; military operations

About this article
Title

Health hazards in areas of military operations conducted in different climatic and sanitary conditions

Journal

International Maritime Health

Issue

Vol 63, No 1 (2011)

Pages

41-62

Published online

2011-04-29

Bibliographic record

International Maritime Health 2011;63(1):41-62.

Keywords

health hazards
soldiers
military operations

Authors

Krzysztof Korzeniewski

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