open access

Ahead of Print
Review article
Published online: 2020-10-12
Submitted: 2020-07-30
Accepted: 2020-10-04
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Anatomy of lumbar facet joint: a comprehensive review

S. Kapetanakis, N. Gkantsinikoudis
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2020.0122
·
Pubmed: 33084010

open access

Ahead of Print
REVIEW ARTICLES
Published online: 2020-10-12
Submitted: 2020-07-30
Accepted: 2020-10-04

Abstract

Lumbar Facet Joints (LFJs) are diathrodial joints which provide articulation between two adjacent lumbar vertebrae. LFJs represent complex anatomic structures with multifaceted biomechanic and functional characteristics. They are theorized as structures of crucial clinical significance since their degenerative morphologic alterations are frequently related to emergence of low back pain. Despite the emerging interest in describing LFJs anatomy in recent years, precise description of LFJs innervation remains controversial. In this comprehensive review, anatomy and biomechanical importance of LFJs and associated adjacent extra-articular structures are thoroughly presented. Furthermore, LFJs innervation in respect to current literature data is punctually analyzed. Knowledge of anatomy and innervation LFJs of critical importance for clinicians and spine surgeons, so that patients are properly evaluated and related therapeutic procedures are rationally performed.

Abstract

Lumbar Facet Joints (LFJs) are diathrodial joints which provide articulation between two adjacent lumbar vertebrae. LFJs represent complex anatomic structures with multifaceted biomechanic and functional characteristics. They are theorized as structures of crucial clinical significance since their degenerative morphologic alterations are frequently related to emergence of low back pain. Despite the emerging interest in describing LFJs anatomy in recent years, precise description of LFJs innervation remains controversial. In this comprehensive review, anatomy and biomechanical importance of LFJs and associated adjacent extra-articular structures are thoroughly presented. Furthermore, LFJs innervation in respect to current literature data is punctually analyzed. Knowledge of anatomy and innervation LFJs of critical importance for clinicians and spine surgeons, so that patients are properly evaluated and related therapeutic procedures are rationally performed.

Get Citation

Keywords

lumbar vertebrae, zygapophyseal joints, mammiloaccessory ligament, biomechanics, facet joint tropism, dorsal ramus, medial branch

About this article
Title

Anatomy of lumbar facet joint: a comprehensive review

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Review article

Published online

2020-10-12

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2020.0122

Pubmed

33084010

Keywords

lumbar vertebrae
zygapophyseal joints
mammiloaccessory ligament
biomechanics
facet joint tropism
dorsal ramus
medial branch

Authors

S. Kapetanakis
N. Gkantsinikoudis

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