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ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2019-11-26
Submitted: 2019-08-10
Accepted: 2019-11-04
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Three-dimensional modeling and morphometric investigation of computed tomography images of brown bear’s (Ursus arctos) ossa cruris (Zeugopodium)

İ. Demircioğlu, G. Kirbaş Doğan, F. Aksünger Karaavci, İ. Gürbüz, Y. Demiraslan
DOI: 10.5603/FM.a2019.0125
·
Pubmed: 31777947

open access

Ahead of Print
ORIGINAL ARTICLES
Published online: 2019-11-26
Submitted: 2019-08-10
Accepted: 2019-11-04

Abstract

This study was aimed to examine the detailed morphometrical and morphological characteristics of the bone by creating three-dimensional images through Multidetector Computed Tomography images of ossa cruris in brown bears. 4 brown bear ossa cruris were used in the study. It was observed that tibia and fibula articulated at proximal and distal epiphisys and they combined, and ossa cruris were shaped in this way. Cochlea tibiae were determined to be sagittally oriented. The length of the tibia was determined to be 268.97 mm ad 266.32 mm at right and left sides, respectively. The length of the fibula was determined to be 249.16 mm and 250.19 mm on average at the right and left sides, respectively. In consequence of the correlation analysis, statistical relationships at different rates were detected between the measured values. Detailed anatomical examinations are very important in terms of determining the similarities and differences of bear bones with those of the other species in the order Carnivora. Therefore, it is thought that this study will reveal detailed characteristics of ossa cruris of bears and provide data for further studies on archeological and forensic sciences.

Abstract

This study was aimed to examine the detailed morphometrical and morphological characteristics of the bone by creating three-dimensional images through Multidetector Computed Tomography images of ossa cruris in brown bears. 4 brown bear ossa cruris were used in the study. It was observed that tibia and fibula articulated at proximal and distal epiphisys and they combined, and ossa cruris were shaped in this way. Cochlea tibiae were determined to be sagittally oriented. The length of the tibia was determined to be 268.97 mm ad 266.32 mm at right and left sides, respectively. The length of the fibula was determined to be 249.16 mm and 250.19 mm on average at the right and left sides, respectively. In consequence of the correlation analysis, statistical relationships at different rates were detected between the measured values. Detailed anatomical examinations are very important in terms of determining the similarities and differences of bear bones with those of the other species in the order Carnivora. Therefore, it is thought that this study will reveal detailed characteristics of ossa cruris of bears and provide data for further studies on archeological and forensic sciences.

Get Citation

Keywords

brown bear, ossa cruris, 3D modeling, morphometry

About this article
Title

Three-dimensional modeling and morphometric investigation of computed tomography images of brown bear’s (Ursus arctos) ossa cruris (Zeugopodium)

Journal

Folia Morphologica

Issue

Ahead of Print

Published online

2019-11-26

DOI

10.5603/FM.a2019.0125

Pubmed

31777947

Keywords

brown bear
ossa cruris
3D modeling
morphometry

Authors

İ. Demircioğlu
G. Kirbaş Doğan
F. Aksünger Karaavci
İ. Gürbüz
Y. Demiraslan

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