Vol 61, No 2 (2023)
Original paper
Published online: 2023-05-29

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Myricetin alleviates H2O2-induced senescence and apoptosis in rat nucleus pulposus-derived mesenchymal stem cells

Tian Xie1, Ruijie Pan1, Wenzhuo Huang1, Sheng Dong1, Shizhen Wu1, Yuhui Ye1
Pubmed: 37435897
Folia Histochem Cytobiol 2023;61(2):98-108.

Abstract

Introduction. Transplantation of mesenchymal stem cells (MSCs) has been reported to be a novel promising target for the regeneration of degenerated intervertebral discs (IVDs). However, the culture and survival limitations of MSCs remain challenging for MSC-based biological therapy. Myricetin, a common natural flavonoid, has been suggested to possess antiaging and antioxidant abilities. Therefore, we investigated the biological function of myricetin, and its related mechanisms involving cell senescence in intervertebral disc degeneration (IDD).
Material and methods. The nucleus pulposus-derived mesenchymal stem cells (NPMSCs) were isolated from 4-month-old Sprague-Dawley (SD) rats and identified by examining surface markers and multipotent differentiation. Rat NPMSCs were cultured in an MSC culture medium or culture medium with different concentrations of H2O2. Myricetin or the combination of myricetin and EX527 were added to the culture medium to investigate the effects of myricetin. Cell viability was evaluated by cell counting kit-8 assays (CCK-8). The apoptosis rate was determined using Annexin V/PI dual staining. The mitochondrial membrane potential (MMP) was analyzed by a fluorescence microscope after JC-1 staining. The cell senescence was determined by SA-β-Gal staining. MitoSOX green was used to selectively estimate mitochondrial reactive oxygen species (ROS) Apoptosis-associated proteins (Bax, Bcl2, and cleaved caspase-3), senescence markers (p16, p21, and p53), and SIRT1/PGC-1α signaling pathway-related proteins (SIRT1 and PGC-1α) were evaluated by western blotting.
Results. The cells isolated from nucleus pulposus (NP) tissues met the criteria for MSCs. Myricetin showed no cytotoxicity up to a concentration of 100 μM in rat NPMSCs cultured for 24 h. Myricetin pretreatment exhibited protective effects against H2O2-induced apoptosis. Myricetin could also alleviate H2O2-induced mitochondrial dysfunctions of increased mitochondrial ROS production and reduced MMP. Moreover, myricetin pretreatment delayed rat NPMSC senescence, as evidenced by decreased exppression of senescence indicators. Pretreatment of NPMSCs with 10 μM EX527, a selective inhibitor of SIRT1, prior to exposure to 100 μM H2O2, reversed the inhibitory effects of myricetin on cell apoptosis.
Conclusions. Myricetin could affect the SIRT1/PGC-1α pathway to protect mitochondrial functions and alleviate cell senescence in H2O2-treated NPMSCs.

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