open access

Vol 10, No 4 (2015)
Original Papers
Published online: 2015-08-28
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Sexuality in women with metabolic syndrome

Jowita Szeligowska, Sylwia Skorupska, Marcin Wełnicki, Artur Mamcarz
DOI: 10.5603/FC.2015.0046
·
Folia Cardiologica 2015;10(4):251-256.

open access

Vol 10, No 4 (2015)
Original Papers
Published online: 2015-08-28

Abstract

Introduction. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and may be diagnosed in one in four adults worldwide. Since sexual dysfunction may occur in as many as 19–63% females, the following issues were addressed in the presented study: 1) Is there a relationship between metabolic syndrome and sexual disorders in female patients with MetS? 2) What is the potential impact of diet on occurrence of female sexual dysfunction?

Material and methods. The study involved 99 regularly menstruating women, of which 71 patients were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome (those were assigned to study group), and 28 patients did not have metabolic abnormalities (control group). All subjects underwent physical examination, including basic anthropometric measurements, and biochemical blood tests were performed. Dietary intake was analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively using a three-day dietary recall. Participants were also asked to fill in questionnaires concerning their sexual life, and overall quality of life.

Results. There were no age differences between the groups. Number of meals per day was lower, and total caloric value was higher in MetS group. Women with metabolic syndrome were less sexually active, and found themselves less sexually attractive as compared to control group. In the MetS group, Mell-Krat SFM score was lower than in control group (44.6 ± 12.5 vs. 56.2 ± 5.7, p < 0.001), which indicated a higher incidence of female sexual dysfunction. Similar results were found using FSFI Scale (23.4 ± 10.4 vs. 28.3 ± 7.8, p = 0.005). Evaluation with SF-36 quality of life questionnaire showed no differences between the groups.

Conclusions. 1. The number of meals per day is lower, but the total dietary caloric value is higher in women with metabolic syndrome than in control group not having MetS. 2. Women with metabolic syndrome are less sexually active, and have less satisfactory sexual relations than healthy females. 3. There is no difference in quality of life between women with and without metabolic syndrome. 4. Dietary habits have no impact on overall quality of life, quality of sexual life or occurrence of sexual disorders.

Abstract

Introduction. Metabolic syndrome (MetS) is a risk factor for cardiovascular disease, and may be diagnosed in one in four adults worldwide. Since sexual dysfunction may occur in as many as 19–63% females, the following issues were addressed in the presented study: 1) Is there a relationship between metabolic syndrome and sexual disorders in female patients with MetS? 2) What is the potential impact of diet on occurrence of female sexual dysfunction?

Material and methods. The study involved 99 regularly menstruating women, of which 71 patients were diagnosed with metabolic syndrome (those were assigned to study group), and 28 patients did not have metabolic abnormalities (control group). All subjects underwent physical examination, including basic anthropometric measurements, and biochemical blood tests were performed. Dietary intake was analyzed quantitatively and qualitatively using a three-day dietary recall. Participants were also asked to fill in questionnaires concerning their sexual life, and overall quality of life.

Results. There were no age differences between the groups. Number of meals per day was lower, and total caloric value was higher in MetS group. Women with metabolic syndrome were less sexually active, and found themselves less sexually attractive as compared to control group. In the MetS group, Mell-Krat SFM score was lower than in control group (44.6 ± 12.5 vs. 56.2 ± 5.7, p < 0.001), which indicated a higher incidence of female sexual dysfunction. Similar results were found using FSFI Scale (23.4 ± 10.4 vs. 28.3 ± 7.8, p = 0.005). Evaluation with SF-36 quality of life questionnaire showed no differences between the groups.

Conclusions. 1. The number of meals per day is lower, but the total dietary caloric value is higher in women with metabolic syndrome than in control group not having MetS. 2. Women with metabolic syndrome are less sexually active, and have less satisfactory sexual relations than healthy females. 3. There is no difference in quality of life between women with and without metabolic syndrome. 4. Dietary habits have no impact on overall quality of life, quality of sexual life or occurrence of sexual disorders.

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Keywords

sexuality, sexual function disorders, metabolic syndrome, quality of life, diet

About this article
Title

Sexuality in women with metabolic syndrome

Journal

Folia Cardiologica

Issue

Vol 10, No 4 (2015)

Pages

251-256

Published online

2015-08-28

DOI

10.5603/FC.2015.0046

Bibliographic record

Folia Cardiologica 2015;10(4):251-256.

Keywords

sexuality
sexual function disorders
metabolic syndrome
quality of life
diet

Authors

Jowita Szeligowska
Sylwia Skorupska
Marcin Wełnicki
Artur Mamcarz

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