open access

Vol 10, No 2 (2015)
Review Papers
Published online: 2015-05-22
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Plant-based diet in the context of cardiovascular disease

Damian Parol, Artur Mamcarz
DOI: 10.5603/FC.2015.0019
·
Folia Cardiologica 2015;10(2):92-99.

open access

Vol 10, No 2 (2015)
Review Papers
Published online: 2015-05-22

Abstract

The solution for growing problem of cardiovascular diseases is one of the main tasks of the modern science of human nutrition. The relation between a cardiovascular disease and a diet has been extensively studied. The harmful effect is attributed to a diet rich in saturated fatty acids and cholesterol and to large supply of salt and sucrose. Epidemiological data suggest that vegans and vegetarians suffer less from cardiovascular system diseases, than those who are on a diet allowing animal products. What is more, the experimental data indicate the therapeutic effect of plant-based diets. The problem is of a complex nature — a number of factors and nutrition products can have an impact on the development of the disease. Furthermore, apart from the positive aspects of plant-based diets, they may be associated with increased exposure to certain risk factors such as hyperhomocysteinaemia caused by a deficiency of cobalamin (vitamin B12), and poor nutritional status of long-chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids.

Abstract

The solution for growing problem of cardiovascular diseases is one of the main tasks of the modern science of human nutrition. The relation between a cardiovascular disease and a diet has been extensively studied. The harmful effect is attributed to a diet rich in saturated fatty acids and cholesterol and to large supply of salt and sucrose. Epidemiological data suggest that vegans and vegetarians suffer less from cardiovascular system diseases, than those who are on a diet allowing animal products. What is more, the experimental data indicate the therapeutic effect of plant-based diets. The problem is of a complex nature — a number of factors and nutrition products can have an impact on the development of the disease. Furthermore, apart from the positive aspects of plant-based diets, they may be associated with increased exposure to certain risk factors such as hyperhomocysteinaemia caused by a deficiency of cobalamin (vitamin B12), and poor nutritional status of long-chain polyunsaturated omega-3 fatty acids.

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Keywords

vegetarianism, veganism, plant-based diet, atherosclerosis, cardiovascular diseases, cholesterol

About this article
Title

Plant-based diet in the context of cardiovascular disease

Journal

Folia Cardiologica

Issue

Vol 10, No 2 (2015)

Pages

92-99

Published online

2015-05-22

DOI

10.5603/FC.2015.0019

Bibliographic record

Folia Cardiologica 2015;10(2):92-99.

Keywords

vegetarianism
veganism
plant-based diet
atherosclerosis
cardiovascular diseases
cholesterol

Authors

Damian Parol
Artur Mamcarz

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