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Vol 19 (2024): Continuous Publishing
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Published online: 2024-03-01

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Evaluation of intuitive eating among females following vegetarian diets - the cross-sectional study

Aleksandra Kaproń1, Przemysław Seweryn Kasiak1, Agnieszka Bzikowska-Jura1, Marcin Rząca2
DOI: 10.5603/fc.96650

Abstract

Introduction. Vegetarian diets are, by definition, elimination diets that exclude specific food groups. Intuitive eating, on the other hand, is the opposite of dietary restriction and refers to dietary intake based on internal cues of hunger and satiety. The study aimed to evaluate the phenomenon of intuitive eating in a group of adult women from Poland following vegetarian diets. To the authors’ knowledge, this study is the first to assess intuitive eating among adult women following vegetarian diets.

Material and methods. An online questionnaire containing the Intuitive Eating Scale-2 (IES-2) was used to conduct the survey.

Results. The mean value of intuitive eating of studied females (n = 806, 18–67 years, BMI = 14.1–50.8 kg/m2) was 3.43 points on a 5-point scale. The value of BMI was significantly negatively correlated with intuitive eating (R = –0.30, p < 0.001) and all four subscales. The level of the overall intuitive eating score was not significantly different across reasons for following vegetarian diets (p > 0.05).

Conclusion. The results indicated that females following vegetarian diets were not characterized by low levels of intuitive eating. The type of vegetarian diet did not significantly affect the overall level of intuitive eating. This matter should be explored further to provide more adjusted nutritional interventions.

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