open access

Vol 14, No 4 (2019)
Review Papers
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The role of cardiac diagnostics in cryptogenic stroke: the current state of knowledge

Elwira Bakuła-Ostalska, Janusz Bednarski
Folia Cardiologica 2019;14(4):356-362.

open access

Vol 14, No 4 (2019)
Review Papers

Abstract

Cryptogenic stroke is a stroke of unknown aetiology. Over two thirds of cryptogenic strokes have an embolic, mainly cardiogenic, source. This is why cardiac imaging and looking for cardiac arrhythmia, especially atrial fibrillation, are so important.

In patients with implanted devices, the routine use of recording intracardiac electrocardiography in the device’s memory is recommended in order to find so-called atrial high-rate episodes. The improvements in diagnostic tools and the progress in atrial fibrillation monitoring have lowered the number of strokes of unknown aetiology, and in many cases have allowed the application of appropriate secondary prophylaxis.

Abstract

Cryptogenic stroke is a stroke of unknown aetiology. Over two thirds of cryptogenic strokes have an embolic, mainly cardiogenic, source. This is why cardiac imaging and looking for cardiac arrhythmia, especially atrial fibrillation, are so important.

In patients with implanted devices, the routine use of recording intracardiac electrocardiography in the device’s memory is recommended in order to find so-called atrial high-rate episodes. The improvements in diagnostic tools and the progress in atrial fibrillation monitoring have lowered the number of strokes of unknown aetiology, and in many cases have allowed the application of appropriate secondary prophylaxis.

Get Citation

Keywords

cryptogenic stroke, embolic strokes of undetermined source, cardiac diagnostics, patent foramen ovale, atrial fibrillation

About this article
Title

The role of cardiac diagnostics in cryptogenic stroke: the current state of knowledge

Journal

Folia Cardiologica

Issue

Vol 14, No 4 (2019)

Pages

356-362

Bibliographic record

Folia Cardiologica 2019;14(4):356-362.

Keywords

cryptogenic stroke
embolic strokes of undetermined source
cardiac diagnostics
patent foramen ovale
atrial fibrillation

Authors

Elwira Bakuła-Ostalska
Janusz Bednarski

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