open access

Vol 12, No 2 (2017)
Original Papers
Published online: 2017-04-20
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Assessment of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in patients undergoing in-hospital early cardiac rehabilitation following acute coronary syndrome

Wojciech Stanisław Kapko, Łukasz Krzych
DOI: 10.5603/FC.2017.0020
·
Folia Cardiologica 2017;12(2):131-137.

open access

Vol 12, No 2 (2017)
Original Papers
Published online: 2017-04-20

Abstract

Introduction. Effective implementation of preventive strategies is a cornerstone element of cardiac rehabilitation after myocardial infarction (MI). We aimed to assess knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors among subjects after acute coronary syndrome treated with percutaneous intervention scheduled to in-hospital cardiac rehabilitation, and to evaluate the association between the level of their awareness and burden of cardiovascular risk.

Material and methods. This cross sectional study included 205 consecutive subjects (153 males, 52 females, aged 62 ± 9 years). Data covering burden of arterial hypertension, overweight, dyslipidemia, diabetes, smoking habit, low level of physical activity, elderly, male gender and a history of familial heart disease were retrieved form medical records and anamnesis. Knowledge and awareness of modifiable and non-modifiable cardiovascular risk factors were assessed by a questionnaire.

Results. The surveyed patients usually had 5 risk factors (mean 4.53 ± 1.43). The best awareness concerned their own body mass (98%) and blood pressure level (74%). The subjects had suboptimal knowledge regarding recommendations of secondary prevention (< 50% of correct answers). In 20 questions investigating knowledge about risk factors, the patients most frequently gave 11 correct answers (mean 54 ± 18%). There was no association between burden of specific risk factors and patients’ awareness of these factors, excluding the fact that diabetics knew their glucose level (odds ratio 2.9; 95% confidence interval 1.5–5.6, p < 0.01). There was no correlation between patients’ knowledge and the number of risk factors they had (r = –0.02, p = 0.2).

Conclusions. Despite significant burden of cardiovascular risk, the level of awareness regarding this issue remains insufficient. Also, risk factor burden does not determine the patients’ knowledge. There is a need for education about secondary prevention to improve attitudes among patients after MI.

Abstract

Introduction. Effective implementation of preventive strategies is a cornerstone element of cardiac rehabilitation after myocardial infarction (MI). We aimed to assess knowledge of cardiovascular risk factors among subjects after acute coronary syndrome treated with percutaneous intervention scheduled to in-hospital cardiac rehabilitation, and to evaluate the association between the level of their awareness and burden of cardiovascular risk.

Material and methods. This cross sectional study included 205 consecutive subjects (153 males, 52 females, aged 62 ± 9 years). Data covering burden of arterial hypertension, overweight, dyslipidemia, diabetes, smoking habit, low level of physical activity, elderly, male gender and a history of familial heart disease were retrieved form medical records and anamnesis. Knowledge and awareness of modifiable and non-modifiable cardiovascular risk factors were assessed by a questionnaire.

Results. The surveyed patients usually had 5 risk factors (mean 4.53 ± 1.43). The best awareness concerned their own body mass (98%) and blood pressure level (74%). The subjects had suboptimal knowledge regarding recommendations of secondary prevention (< 50% of correct answers). In 20 questions investigating knowledge about risk factors, the patients most frequently gave 11 correct answers (mean 54 ± 18%). There was no association between burden of specific risk factors and patients’ awareness of these factors, excluding the fact that diabetics knew their glucose level (odds ratio 2.9; 95% confidence interval 1.5–5.6, p < 0.01). There was no correlation between patients’ knowledge and the number of risk factors they had (r = –0.02, p = 0.2).

Conclusions. Despite significant burden of cardiovascular risk, the level of awareness regarding this issue remains insufficient. Also, risk factor burden does not determine the patients’ knowledge. There is a need for education about secondary prevention to improve attitudes among patients after MI.

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Keywords

risk factor, cardiovascular, secondary prevention, knowledge, awareness

About this article
Title

Assessment of risk factors for cardiovascular disease in patients undergoing in-hospital early cardiac rehabilitation following acute coronary syndrome

Journal

Folia Cardiologica

Issue

Vol 12, No 2 (2017)

Pages

131-137

Published online

2017-04-20

DOI

10.5603/FC.2017.0020

Bibliographic record

Folia Cardiologica 2017;12(2):131-137.

Keywords

risk factor
cardiovascular
secondary prevention
knowledge
awareness

Authors

Wojciech Stanisław Kapko
Łukasz Krzych

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