open access

Vol 13, No 4 (2018)
Review Papers
Published online: 2018-09-12
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How do we diagnose acute pulmonary embolism in Cardiac Intensive Care Units?

Joanna Mikocka, Janusz Sielski
DOI: 10.5603/FC.2018.0069
·
Folia Cardiologica 2018;13(4):309-317.

open access

Vol 13, No 4 (2018)
Review Papers
Published online: 2018-09-12

Abstract

Venous thromboembolism includes two disease entities: deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. It is the third most frequent occurrence of cardiovascular disease. According to the latest statistics, the annual incidence of it is 100-200 per 100,000 people. In most cases, pulmonary embolism is a consequence of deep veins thrombosis of the lower limbs, whereas non-thrombotic pulmonary embolism is quite rare. The factors predisposing to venous thromboembolism are individual factors, is permanent related to the patient, and time factors related to various clinical situations. Pulmonary embolism may also be idiopathic and may occur in the absence of any known risk factor. This paper presents etiopathogenesis, pathophysiology and the symptoms of pulmonary embolism. The work will be useful for doctors attending at emergency departments and the departments of cardiology and internal diseases. It will contribute to a more accurate recognition of that important disease entity.  

Abstract

Venous thromboembolism includes two disease entities: deep vein thrombosis and pulmonary embolism. It is the third most frequent occurrence of cardiovascular disease. According to the latest statistics, the annual incidence of it is 100-200 per 100,000 people. In most cases, pulmonary embolism is a consequence of deep veins thrombosis of the lower limbs, whereas non-thrombotic pulmonary embolism is quite rare. The factors predisposing to venous thromboembolism are individual factors, is permanent related to the patient, and time factors related to various clinical situations. Pulmonary embolism may also be idiopathic and may occur in the absence of any known risk factor. This paper presents etiopathogenesis, pathophysiology and the symptoms of pulmonary embolism. The work will be useful for doctors attending at emergency departments and the departments of cardiology and internal diseases. It will contribute to a more accurate recognition of that important disease entity.  
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Keywords

venous thromboembolism, pulmonary embolism

About this article
Title

How do we diagnose acute pulmonary embolism in Cardiac Intensive Care Units?

Journal

Folia Cardiologica

Issue

Vol 13, No 4 (2018)

Pages

309-317

Published online

2018-09-12

DOI

10.5603/FC.2018.0069

Bibliographic record

Folia Cardiologica 2018;13(4):309-317.

Keywords

venous thromboembolism
pulmonary embolism

Authors

Joanna Mikocka
Janusz Sielski

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