open access

Vol 12, No 2 (2017)
Cardiac Surgery
Published online: 2017-04-20
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Left ventricular myxoma complicated by peripheral embolism

Dariusz Dąbrowski, Anna Goździk, Aleksandra Milnerowicz, Jacek Jakubaszko, Waldemar Goździk, Wojciech Kosmala
DOI: 10.5603/FC.2017.0035
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Folia Cardiologica 2017;12(2):216-219.

open access

Vol 12, No 2 (2017)
Cardiac Surgery
Published online: 2017-04-20

Abstract

Left ventricular myxoma is a very rare, benign primary cardiac tumor. Due to its localization, size and mobility, it may be a source of peripheral embolism. The recurrence of myxoma after surgical removal is rare, ranging from 0% to 3% in solitary tumors and 12–22% in the familial type. We report two cases of left ventricular myxomas complicated by arterial embolism. In the first case of a 19-years old male, apart from systemic embolisation, a very fast tumor growth, suggesting thrombus formation, was observed. In the second case of a 42-years old male, the recurrence of myxoma in left ventricle apex was found 2 months after surgical excision, together with de novo development of two additional tumors in the right atrium. Clinical features of cardiac myxoma, both in terms of complications and recurrences, necessitate careful follow up with an echocardiographic control in all patients after tumor removal surgery.

Abstract

Left ventricular myxoma is a very rare, benign primary cardiac tumor. Due to its localization, size and mobility, it may be a source of peripheral embolism. The recurrence of myxoma after surgical removal is rare, ranging from 0% to 3% in solitary tumors and 12–22% in the familial type. We report two cases of left ventricular myxomas complicated by arterial embolism. In the first case of a 19-years old male, apart from systemic embolisation, a very fast tumor growth, suggesting thrombus formation, was observed. In the second case of a 42-years old male, the recurrence of myxoma in left ventricle apex was found 2 months after surgical excision, together with de novo development of two additional tumors in the right atrium. Clinical features of cardiac myxoma, both in terms of complications and recurrences, necessitate careful follow up with an echocardiographic control in all patients after tumor removal surgery.

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Keywords

left ventricular, myxoma, embolism

About this article
Title

Left ventricular myxoma complicated by peripheral embolism

Journal

Folia Cardiologica

Issue

Vol 12, No 2 (2017)

Pages

216-219

Published online

2017-04-20

DOI

10.5603/FC.2017.0035

Bibliographic record

Folia Cardiologica 2017;12(2):216-219.

Keywords

left ventricular
myxoma
embolism

Authors

Dariusz Dąbrowski
Anna Goździk
Aleksandra Milnerowicz
Jacek Jakubaszko
Waldemar Goździk
Wojciech Kosmala

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