open access

Vol 9, No 2 (2014)
Original Papers
Published online: 2014-06-26
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Medical knowledge level and health behaviours of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting

Małgorzata Synowiec-Piłat, Michał Jędrzejek, Joanna Sarbinowska
Folia Cardiologica 2014;9(2):105-111.

open access

Vol 9, No 2 (2014)
Original Papers
Published online: 2014-06-26

Abstract

Introduction. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a method of myocardial revascularization. Patients after CABG require comprehensive care and rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of medical knowledge and health behaviours of patients with coronary artery disease who underwent CABG. Data from this study will be used to develop educational workshops for this group of patients.

Material and methods. The study included 106 patients after CABG hospitalized in a cardiac rehabilitation unit and was based on a highly standardized questionnaire developed by the authors. Statistical analysis included descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and correspondence analysis (p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant).

Results. Medical knowledge of respondents was poor (one fourth did not know a single risk factor for coronary artery disease, only 33% knew the components of a cardioprotective diet, and 25%, 67% and 55% did not know normal values of blood pressure, cholesterol level, and glycaemia, respectively) and their health-related behaviours were inappropriate (76% did not make any major change in their lifestyle since the diagnosis, only 40% followed dietary recommendations, 61% forgot to take medications regularly, and only 60% measured blood pressure regularly). Analysis of the study data confirmed that poor medical knowledge and inappropriate health-related behaviours were related to low economic status, poor education, and inhabiting small cities/towns.

Conclusions. Due to insufficient level of medical knowledge and inappropriate health-related behaviours of patients after CABG, it is necessary to incorporate health education within cardiac rehabilitation programs for this group of patients, with a particular focus on inequalities in health and disease.

Abstract

Introduction. Coronary artery bypass grafting (CABG) is a method of myocardial revascularization. Patients after CABG require comprehensive care and rehabilitation. The aim of this study was to evaluate the level of medical knowledge and health behaviours of patients with coronary artery disease who underwent CABG. Data from this study will be used to develop educational workshops for this group of patients.

Material and methods. The study included 106 patients after CABG hospitalized in a cardiac rehabilitation unit and was based on a highly standardized questionnaire developed by the authors. Statistical analysis included descriptive statistics, chi-square test, and correspondence analysis (p < 0.05 was considered statistically significant).

Results. Medical knowledge of respondents was poor (one fourth did not know a single risk factor for coronary artery disease, only 33% knew the components of a cardioprotective diet, and 25%, 67% and 55% did not know normal values of blood pressure, cholesterol level, and glycaemia, respectively) and their health-related behaviours were inappropriate (76% did not make any major change in their lifestyle since the diagnosis, only 40% followed dietary recommendations, 61% forgot to take medications regularly, and only 60% measured blood pressure regularly). Analysis of the study data confirmed that poor medical knowledge and inappropriate health-related behaviours were related to low economic status, poor education, and inhabiting small cities/towns.

Conclusions. Due to insufficient level of medical knowledge and inappropriate health-related behaviours of patients after CABG, it is necessary to incorporate health education within cardiac rehabilitation programs for this group of patients, with a particular focus on inequalities in health and disease.

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Keywords

coronary artery bypass grafting, cardiac rehabilitation, coronary artery disease, medical knowledge, health behaviours

About this article
Title

Medical knowledge level and health behaviours of patients after coronary artery bypass grafting

Journal

Folia Cardiologica

Issue

Vol 9, No 2 (2014)

Pages

105-111

Published online

2014-06-26

Bibliographic record

Folia Cardiologica 2014;9(2):105-111.

Keywords

coronary artery bypass grafting
cardiac rehabilitation
coronary artery disease
medical knowledge
health behaviours

Authors

Małgorzata Synowiec-Piłat
Michał Jędrzejek
Joanna Sarbinowska

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