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Vol 9, No 4 (2013)
Prace poglądowe
Published online: 2013-12-31
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Prebiotic effect of inulin on obesity and diabetes

Zygmunt Zdrojewicz, Jan Rychter, Ewelina Hermyt, Piotr Biega
Endokrynol. Otył. Zab. Przem. Mat 2013;9(4):166-174.

paid access

Vol 9, No 4 (2013)
Prace poglądowe
Published online: 2013-12-31

Abstract

Inulin is a polysaccharide built of a variable number (2–60) ofbeta-D-fructose subunits linked by beta-2-1-glycosidic bonds. Naturally, it is found in chicory root, artichokes, garlic, leeks, onions and bananas. For many years, it has been in focus of researchers because of its health promoting properties. Inulin is a prebiotic because selectively stimulates the growth of beneficial bacteria Bifidobacterium which indirectly reduces the number of pathogenic bacteria. However, due to the prevalence of diabetes, obesity and related cardiovascular diseases, important information is that inulin lowers triglyceride, cholesterol and glucoselevels in the blood and also has effect on reducing body weight. Recent studies show that bacteria from the human gut may play an important role in the pathogenesis of obesity and diabetes. Inulin restores the proper balance of bacterial microflora which can be helpful in the prevention or treatment of metabolic diseases. The purpose of this article is to present current views on effects of inulin on human health with special focus on the clinical impact on obesity and diabetes.

Abstract

Inulin is a polysaccharide built of a variable number (2–60) ofbeta-D-fructose subunits linked by beta-2-1-glycosidic bonds. Naturally, it is found in chicory root, artichokes, garlic, leeks, onions and bananas. For many years, it has been in focus of researchers because of its health promoting properties. Inulin is a prebiotic because selectively stimulates the growth of beneficial bacteria Bifidobacterium which indirectly reduces the number of pathogenic bacteria. However, due to the prevalence of diabetes, obesity and related cardiovascular diseases, important information is that inulin lowers triglyceride, cholesterol and glucoselevels in the blood and also has effect on reducing body weight. Recent studies show that bacteria from the human gut may play an important role in the pathogenesis of obesity and diabetes. Inulin restores the proper balance of bacterial microflora which can be helpful in the prevention or treatment of metabolic diseases. The purpose of this article is to present current views on effects of inulin on human health with special focus on the clinical impact on obesity and diabetes.
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Keywords

inulin, bacteria, obesity, diabetes

About this article
Title

Prebiotic effect of inulin on obesity and diabetes

Journal

Endocrinology, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders

Issue

Vol 9, No 4 (2013)

Pages

166-174

Published online

2013-12-31

Bibliographic record

Endokrynol. Otył. Zab. Przem. Mat 2013;9(4):166-174.

Keywords

inulin
bacteria
obesity
diabetes

Authors

Zygmunt Zdrojewicz
Jan Rychter
Ewelina Hermyt
Piotr Biega

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