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Vol 9, No 1 (2013)
Prace poglądowe
Published online: 2013-05-13
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Dietary regimen as a part of infertility therapy of men with reduced sperm quality

Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen, Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna
Endokrynol. Otył. Zab. Przem. Mat 2013;9(1):14-19.

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Vol 9, No 1 (2013)
Prace poglądowe
Published online: 2013-05-13

Abstract

Obesity is becoming more and more prevalent and results notonly in increased risk of cardiovascular complications but alsonegatively influences fertility both in men and in women. The maleinfertility factor has been estimated to affect 13–45% of sexuallyactive couples trying to conceive. The significant increase in male BMIlowers the male fertility in numerous mechanisms, such as: endocrine,genetic, and thermal ones, thus, either triggering or further exasperatingthe already existing sexual dysfunction. The most importantsingle cause of male infertility is the lowered quantity and quality ofsemen, accompanied by the decreased testosterone concentration.Other factors that can influence fertility and the chances to conceivehealthy offspring include: BMI; dietary habits; vitamin supplementation;alcohol and caffeine consumption; tobacco smoking; takingother active nutrients; environmental contamination; infectiousdiseases; past and current pathologies; past and present drug therapies;and family history. The properly balanced diet, with selectednutritional ingredients supplementation, can have a supportive rolein the complex process of infertility treatment. The purpose of this paper is to review current professional literatureconcerning dietary supplementing medical management of themale infertility and prevention of reproductive health problems.The final analytical conclusions of the available literature call forformulating dietary recommendations for patients during theirreproductive years, with a special attention to maintaining properBMI and healthy living, including regular exercising and sportactivities, as well as increasing consumption of dietary products,proven to supply nutrients that effectively ameliorate quantity andquality of semen.

Abstract

Obesity is becoming more and more prevalent and results notonly in increased risk of cardiovascular complications but alsonegatively influences fertility both in men and in women. The maleinfertility factor has been estimated to affect 13–45% of sexuallyactive couples trying to conceive. The significant increase in male BMIlowers the male fertility in numerous mechanisms, such as: endocrine,genetic, and thermal ones, thus, either triggering or further exasperatingthe already existing sexual dysfunction. The most importantsingle cause of male infertility is the lowered quantity and quality ofsemen, accompanied by the decreased testosterone concentration.Other factors that can influence fertility and the chances to conceivehealthy offspring include: BMI; dietary habits; vitamin supplementation;alcohol and caffeine consumption; tobacco smoking; takingother active nutrients; environmental contamination; infectiousdiseases; past and current pathologies; past and present drug therapies;and family history. The properly balanced diet, with selectednutritional ingredients supplementation, can have a supportive rolein the complex process of infertility treatment. The purpose of this paper is to review current professional literatureconcerning dietary supplementing medical management of themale infertility and prevention of reproductive health problems.The final analytical conclusions of the available literature call forformulating dietary recommendations for patients during theirreproductive years, with a special attention to maintaining properBMI and healthy living, including regular exercising and sportactivities, as well as increasing consumption of dietary products,proven to supply nutrients that effectively ameliorate quantity andquality of semen.
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Keywords

fertility, men, nutrition

About this article
Title

Dietary regimen as a part of infertility therapy of men with reduced sperm quality

Journal

Endocrinology, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders

Issue

Vol 9, No 1 (2013)

Pages

14-19

Published online

2013-05-13

Bibliographic record

Endokrynol. Otył. Zab. Przem. Mat 2013;9(1):14-19.

Keywords

fertility
men
nutrition

Authors

Anna Jeznach-Steinhagen
Aneta Czerwonogrodzka-Senczyna

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