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open access

Vol 6, No 1 (2010)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2010-05-12
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The impact of body mass index on the way of coping with the illness among patients referred for percutaneous coronary intervention

Julia Sawicka, Hanna Bachórzewska-Gajewska, Grażyna Kobus, Katarzyna Snarska, Katarzyna Łagoda, Agata Kulikowska, Iwona Jarocka, Sławomir Dobrzycki
Endokrynol. Otył. Zab. Przem. Mat 2010;6(1):1-7.

open access

Vol 6, No 1 (2010)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2010-05-12

Abstract

INTRODUCTION. Civilization diseases are to a great extent lifestyleconditioned. According to the World Health Organization, the obesity epidemics is spreading in the countries with the highest level of civilization development and concerns both adults and children. The aim of the research was to determine the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the choice of method of coping with stress among patients with ischemic heart disease referred for percutaneous coronary intervention.
MATERIAL AND METHODS. The research was conducted among 141 patients with ischemic heart disease. In the research process, the Brief Method of Evaluating Coping With Disease (Kokoszka A., Jodko A., Radzio R. 2003) was implemented. The method is used to distinguish four basic styles of coping with stress, including the stress resulting from illness. Obesity was diagnosed with the use of body mass index: BMI = body weight [kg]/height [m2].
RESULTS. In the group used in the research 40.43% of patients were overweight (25.0 ≤ BMI ≤ 29.9), while 43.97% were obese (BMI ≥ 30.0). In the overweight population the dominant style is the avoidance-focused style (39.91%). The emotion-focused style is the least frequently represented (7.89%). In the obese population the dominant styles are the avoidance-focused style (36.69%) and the task-based style (29.84%). The group of styles, which is statistically the least represented, is the identifying-best-solution style (18.15%) and the emotion-based style (15.32%).
CONCLUSIONS. The choice of the avoidance-style in more than 1/3 of the surveyed patients referred for percutaneous coronary intervention, irrespective of the BMI, indicates the necessity of working out individual methods of psychotherapeutic activities.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION. Civilization diseases are to a great extent lifestyleconditioned. According to the World Health Organization, the obesity epidemics is spreading in the countries with the highest level of civilization development and concerns both adults and children. The aim of the research was to determine the impact of body mass index (BMI) on the choice of method of coping with stress among patients with ischemic heart disease referred for percutaneous coronary intervention.
MATERIAL AND METHODS. The research was conducted among 141 patients with ischemic heart disease. In the research process, the Brief Method of Evaluating Coping With Disease (Kokoszka A., Jodko A., Radzio R. 2003) was implemented. The method is used to distinguish four basic styles of coping with stress, including the stress resulting from illness. Obesity was diagnosed with the use of body mass index: BMI = body weight [kg]/height [m2].
RESULTS. In the group used in the research 40.43% of patients were overweight (25.0 ≤ BMI ≤ 29.9), while 43.97% were obese (BMI ≥ 30.0). In the overweight population the dominant style is the avoidance-focused style (39.91%). The emotion-focused style is the least frequently represented (7.89%). In the obese population the dominant styles are the avoidance-focused style (36.69%) and the task-based style (29.84%). The group of styles, which is statistically the least represented, is the identifying-best-solution style (18.15%) and the emotion-based style (15.32%).
CONCLUSIONS. The choice of the avoidance-style in more than 1/3 of the surveyed patients referred for percutaneous coronary intervention, irrespective of the BMI, indicates the necessity of working out individual methods of psychotherapeutic activities.
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Keywords

BMI; coping with stress; ischemic heart disease

About this article
Title

The impact of body mass index on the way of coping with the illness among patients referred for percutaneous coronary intervention

Journal

Endocrinology, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders

Issue

Vol 6, No 1 (2010)

Pages

1-7

Published online

2010-05-12

Bibliographic record

Endokrynol. Otył. Zab. Przem. Mat 2010;6(1):1-7.

Keywords

BMI
coping with stress
ischemic heart disease

Authors

Julia Sawicka
Hanna Bachórzewska-Gajewska
Grażyna Kobus
Katarzyna Snarska
Katarzyna Łagoda
Agata Kulikowska
Iwona Jarocka
Sławomir Dobrzycki

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