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Vol 6, No 2 (2010)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2010-07-12
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The consumption of sweets and sweetened beverages in terms of obesity occurrence on the example of children living in rural and urban environment

Elżbieta Szczepańska, Karolina Piórkowska, Elżbieta Niedworok, Małgorzata Muc-Wierzgoń
Endokrynol. Otył. Zab. Przem. Mat 2010;6(2):78-84.

open access

Vol 6, No 2 (2010)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2010-07-12

Abstract


INTRODUCTION. Current conditions generate easier and easier, unrestricted access to sweets and highly sweetened beverages. The companies producing them are oriented on vulnerable to advertising client, that are the children. Among this age group, it’s being observed that overweight and obesity is increasing simultaneously. The intention of this research was the assessment of sweets and highly sweetened beverages frequency consumption and to find out if there are any differences between its consumption by the children living in the country and in the cities and having normal and excessive body weight.
MATERIAL AND METHODS. In the research 350 students aged 10-12 from two villages and two cities at the area of Upper Silesia were involved. The research consisted on 2 phases: the survey conduction and the execution of height and body mass measurements, which were used to designate the BMI. Qualified for the final analysis 300 questionnaires that were filled in and cast.
RESULTS. Overweight was diagnosed in 22%, while obesity in 10% of the children tested. At least once a day sweets consumed about 60% of children, among them 57% residing in the city and 61% in rural areas and 61% of normal and 54% of excess body weight. Highly sweetened beverages least once a day, drank 37% of children, including 29% living in urban and 45% in rural areas and 38% of normal and 34% of excess body weight.
CONCLUSIONS. Extensive consumption of sweets and highly sweetened beverages was observed among the questioned children. The research didn’t reveal any differences between the frequency of sweets by the children living in rural ad urban environment, however highly sweetened beverages were drunk more often by the children living in the village. There were observed no differences between the frequency of sweets and highly sweetened beverages consumption between the children with normal and excess body weight.
Endocrinology, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders 2010, vol. 6, No 2, 78-84

Abstract


INTRODUCTION. Current conditions generate easier and easier, unrestricted access to sweets and highly sweetened beverages. The companies producing them are oriented on vulnerable to advertising client, that are the children. Among this age group, it’s being observed that overweight and obesity is increasing simultaneously. The intention of this research was the assessment of sweets and highly sweetened beverages frequency consumption and to find out if there are any differences between its consumption by the children living in the country and in the cities and having normal and excessive body weight.
MATERIAL AND METHODS. In the research 350 students aged 10-12 from two villages and two cities at the area of Upper Silesia were involved. The research consisted on 2 phases: the survey conduction and the execution of height and body mass measurements, which were used to designate the BMI. Qualified for the final analysis 300 questionnaires that were filled in and cast.
RESULTS. Overweight was diagnosed in 22%, while obesity in 10% of the children tested. At least once a day sweets consumed about 60% of children, among them 57% residing in the city and 61% in rural areas and 61% of normal and 54% of excess body weight. Highly sweetened beverages least once a day, drank 37% of children, including 29% living in urban and 45% in rural areas and 38% of normal and 34% of excess body weight.
CONCLUSIONS. Extensive consumption of sweets and highly sweetened beverages was observed among the questioned children. The research didn’t reveal any differences between the frequency of sweets by the children living in rural ad urban environment, however highly sweetened beverages were drunk more often by the children living in the village. There were observed no differences between the frequency of sweets and highly sweetened beverages consumption between the children with normal and excess body weight.
Endocrinology, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders 2010, vol. 6, No 2, 78-84
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Keywords

nutrition; obesity; children; sweets; beverage

About this article
Title

The consumption of sweets and sweetened beverages in terms of obesity occurrence on the example of children living in rural and urban environment

Journal

Endocrinology, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders

Issue

Vol 6, No 2 (2010)

Pages

78-84

Published online

2010-07-12

Bibliographic record

Endokrynol. Otył. Zab. Przem. Mat 2010;6(2):78-84.

Keywords

nutrition
obesity
children
sweets
beverage

Authors

Elżbieta Szczepańska
Karolina Piórkowska
Elżbieta Niedworok
Małgorzata Muc-Wierzgoń

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