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open access

Vol 6, No 4 (2010)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2011-04-19
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Effect of treatment with reducing diet on body composition and modification of nutrients in daily food intake of obese women

Lucyna Ostrowska, Ewa Stefańska, Edyta Adamska, Emilia Tałałaj, Magdalena Waszczeniuk
Endokrynol. Otył. Zab. Przem. Mat 2010;6(4):179-188.

open access

Vol 6, No 4 (2010)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2011-04-19

Abstract


INTRODUCTION. The primary treatment of obesity is changing eating habits and increasing energy expenditure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the annual treatment of women by 1500 kcal balanced diet.
MATERIAL AND METHODS. The program included an assessment of diet, anthropometric and body composition measurements. Quantitative assessment of daily food rations were performed using the computer program Dieta 2. The study included 60 women (average age was 46 ± 12.42 years) and assessed them body mass index (BMI kg/m²). Body composition was determined by bioelectrical impedance. All results were statistically analyzed using STATISTICA 8.0.
RESULTS. There were identified two groups: I - the women who after 12 months of diet gained weight reduction and II in which after the annual diet therapy body weight remained unchanged or increased above baseline. After one year, the average weight loss in women from group I was 4.4 ± 2.9 kg, while in women in group II body weight increased on average of 1.8 ± 1.7 kg. In women from group I the percentage of body fat significantly decreased by an average of 3.9 ± 4.1%. The effects may be dependent on the age and initial body weight of the respondents. There were no statistically significant differences between women menu in group I and II, both at baseline and after low energy diet (however, statistically insignificant differences in the calorie diet and carbohydrate content were observed). Reducing dietary energy value of women in group I correlated positively with reduction in body fat.
CONCLUSIONS. This research shows that more dietetic training is needed in dietary weight loss therapy. In addition to the diet also regular physical activity should be recommended, to increase energy expenditure.
Endocrinology, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders 2010, vol. 6, No 4, 179-188

Abstract


INTRODUCTION. The primary treatment of obesity is changing eating habits and increasing energy expenditure. The purpose of this study was to evaluate the effectiveness of the annual treatment of women by 1500 kcal balanced diet.
MATERIAL AND METHODS. The program included an assessment of diet, anthropometric and body composition measurements. Quantitative assessment of daily food rations were performed using the computer program Dieta 2. The study included 60 women (average age was 46 ± 12.42 years) and assessed them body mass index (BMI kg/m²). Body composition was determined by bioelectrical impedance. All results were statistically analyzed using STATISTICA 8.0.
RESULTS. There were identified two groups: I - the women who after 12 months of diet gained weight reduction and II in which after the annual diet therapy body weight remained unchanged or increased above baseline. After one year, the average weight loss in women from group I was 4.4 ± 2.9 kg, while in women in group II body weight increased on average of 1.8 ± 1.7 kg. In women from group I the percentage of body fat significantly decreased by an average of 3.9 ± 4.1%. The effects may be dependent on the age and initial body weight of the respondents. There were no statistically significant differences between women menu in group I and II, both at baseline and after low energy diet (however, statistically insignificant differences in the calorie diet and carbohydrate content were observed). Reducing dietary energy value of women in group I correlated positively with reduction in body fat.
CONCLUSIONS. This research shows that more dietetic training is needed in dietary weight loss therapy. In addition to the diet also regular physical activity should be recommended, to increase energy expenditure.
Endocrinology, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders 2010, vol. 6, No 4, 179-188
Get Citation

Keywords

obesity; reducing diet; adults; adipose tissue

About this article
Title

Effect of treatment with reducing diet on body composition and modification of nutrients in daily food intake of obese women

Journal

Endocrinology, Obesity and Metabolic Disorders

Issue

Vol 6, No 4 (2010)

Pages

179-188

Published online

2011-04-19

Bibliographic record

Endokrynol. Otył. Zab. Przem. Mat 2010;6(4):179-188.

Keywords

obesity
reducing diet
adults
adipose tissue

Authors

Lucyna Ostrowska
Ewa Stefańska
Edyta Adamska
Emilia Tałałaj
Magdalena Waszczeniuk

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