Vol 71, No 5 (2020)
Original paper
Published online: 2020-08-14

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MDM2 promotes the proliferation and inhibits the apoptosis of pituitary adenoma cells by directly interacting with p53

Yibiao Wang1, Jiannong Zhao2, Chaocai Zhang2, Pengcheng Wang2, Chuixue Huang2, Hao Peng2
Pubmed: 32797477
Endokrynol Pol 2020;71(5):425-431.


Introduction: Pituitary adenomas constitute one of the most common intracranial tumours. The mouse double minute 2 homologue (MDM2) is considered as an important oncogene in many tumours, but it has been little studied in pituitary adenomas and the mechanism is not well understood. The purpose of this study was to investigate the function of MDM2 and its primary mechanism of action in pituitary adenoma cells.

Material and methods: The expression of MDM2 in pituitary adenoma cell lines and normal cells was determined by real-time polymerase chain reaction (RT-PCR). The proliferation and apoptosis of pituitary adenoma cells after inhibition of MDM2 expression were detected by MTS and flow cytometry, respectively. The protein expressions of MDM2 and p53 were detected by western blot. Co-IP was used to detect the direct binding between MDM2 and p53.

Results: The results of RT-PCR showed that MDM2 was significantly up-regulated in pituitary adenoma cell lines. Inhibition of MDM2 suppressed the proliferation and promoted apoptosis of pituitary adenoma cells. However, inhibiting the expression of MDM2 can promotethe protein expression of p53. The results of co-IP showed that MDM2 interacted with p53 by direct combination. Then, we inhibited the expressions of p53 and MDM2 simultaneously in the pituitary adenoma cells by co-transfecting siRNAs, and the results showed that, compared with the group that inhibited MDM2 alone, cell proliferation of the co-transfected group increased and apoptosis of the cotransfected group decreased, which was similar to the NC group.

Conclusions: Taken together, these results suggest that MDM2 promoted the proliferation and inhibited the apoptosis of pituitary adenoma cells by directly interacting with p53 in pituitary adenoma cells. Therefore, MDM2-p53 may serve as a novel marker and therapeutic target for pituitary adenomas.

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