open access

Vol 64, No 1 (2013)
Original papers
Published online: 2013-02-28
Submitted: 2013-05-14
Get Citation

Factors associated with glucose metabolism disorders after kidney transplantation

Barbara Brzezińska, Roman Junik, Anna Kamińska, Zbigniew Włodarczyk, Andrzej Adamowicz
Endokrynologia Polska 2013;64(1):21-25.

open access

Vol 64, No 1 (2013)
Original papers
Published online: 2013-02-28
Submitted: 2013-05-14

Abstract

Introduction: Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM), pre-diabetes-impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) are frequent complications after organ transplantation. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of PTDM, IFG and IGT in a group of renal transplant recipients, to compare the frequency of glucose metabolism disorders in subjects treated with tacrolimus and with cyclosporine, and to establish the influence of different risk factors on the development of glucose metabolism disorders.
Material and methods:
We examined 206 non-diabetic kidney allograft recipients (age 46.4 ± 12.3 years, time since transplantation 45.5 ± ± 33.6 months, BMI 26.3 ± 4.5 kg/m2). Glucose metabolism disorders were diagnosed using an oral glucose tolerance test. Logistic regression was used to assess the influence of each risk factor (age, BMI, waist circumference, physical activity, the presence of cardiovascular disease, positive family history of diabetes, cholesterol and triglycerides concentration) on the development of glucose metabolism disorders.
Results: In 103 patients (50%), we diagnosed glucose metabolism disorders. 19% of patients had PTDM, 14% IFG, and 17% IGT. We did not find any differences in the frequency of glucose metabolism disorders between patients treated with tacrolimus and with cyclosporine. Multivariate analysis identified BMI and a family history of diabetes as independent risk factors of glucose metabolism disorders.
Conclusions: We found a high prevalence of glucose metabolism disorders in the examined group. This suggests that kidney transplant recipients should be screened for these disturbances. Patients with higher BMI and with first-degree relatives with diabetes had an increased risk of glucose metabolism disorders after kidney transplantation.

Abstract

Introduction: Post-transplant diabetes mellitus (PTDM), pre-diabetes-impaired glucose tolerance (IGT) and impaired fasting glucose (IFG) are frequent complications after organ transplantation. The aim of this study was to assess the frequency of PTDM, IFG and IGT in a group of renal transplant recipients, to compare the frequency of glucose metabolism disorders in subjects treated with tacrolimus and with cyclosporine, and to establish the influence of different risk factors on the development of glucose metabolism disorders.
Material and methods:
We examined 206 non-diabetic kidney allograft recipients (age 46.4 ± 12.3 years, time since transplantation 45.5 ± ± 33.6 months, BMI 26.3 ± 4.5 kg/m2). Glucose metabolism disorders were diagnosed using an oral glucose tolerance test. Logistic regression was used to assess the influence of each risk factor (age, BMI, waist circumference, physical activity, the presence of cardiovascular disease, positive family history of diabetes, cholesterol and triglycerides concentration) on the development of glucose metabolism disorders.
Results: In 103 patients (50%), we diagnosed glucose metabolism disorders. 19% of patients had PTDM, 14% IFG, and 17% IGT. We did not find any differences in the frequency of glucose metabolism disorders between patients treated with tacrolimus and with cyclosporine. Multivariate analysis identified BMI and a family history of diabetes as independent risk factors of glucose metabolism disorders.
Conclusions: We found a high prevalence of glucose metabolism disorders in the examined group. This suggests that kidney transplant recipients should be screened for these disturbances. Patients with higher BMI and with first-degree relatives with diabetes had an increased risk of glucose metabolism disorders after kidney transplantation.
Get Citation

Keywords

post-transplant diabetes mellitus; risk factors; kidney transplantation

About this article
Title

Factors associated with glucose metabolism disorders after kidney transplantation

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 64, No 1 (2013)

Pages

21-25

Published online

2013-02-28

Bibliographic record

Endokrynologia Polska 2013;64(1):21-25.

Keywords

post-transplant diabetes mellitus
risk factors
kidney transplantation

Authors

Barbara Brzezińska
Roman Junik
Anna Kamińska
Zbigniew Włodarczyk
Andrzej Adamowicz

Important: This website uses cookies.tanya dokter More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

Via MedicaWydawcą serwisu jest  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl