open access

Vol 57, Supp. A (2006)
Original papers
Published online: 2006-09-25
Submitted: 2013-02-15
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The effect of retinoic acid on primary cultures of human pheochromocytoma cells

Ewa Wilczek, Michał Mazurkiewicz, Maciej Otto, Dariusz Śladowski, Barbara Górnicka, Łukasz Koperski, Grzegorz M. Wilczyński, Aleksander Wasiutyński

open access

Vol 57, Supp. A (2006)
Original papers
Published online: 2006-09-25
Submitted: 2013-02-15

Abstract

Introduction: Retinoic acid is a regulator of gene expression which, by binding to its nuclear receptor, determines the degree of differentiation in multiple cancer cell types. On the basis of this capability it was introduced, e.g. in the therapy of neuroblastoma. In cells derived from neural crest, such as neuroblastoma cells, retinoic acid initiates differentiation into neurons. This substance acts in a similar way on a rat pheochromocytoma cell line PC12. The aim of our work was to examine the influence of retinoic acid on the phenotype of human pheochromocytoma cells in primary culture.
Material and methods: Observations were made on two primary cultures isolated from human pheochromocytoma. Cells were grown in RPMI1640 medium supplemented with 10% foetal bovine serum. Subsequently, the cultures were treated with 100 mMol retinoic acid for three-days. An evaluation of the phenotype change was performed by estimating the expression levels of F-actin, MAP-2 protein, and chromogranin, with the use of a confocal microscopy.
Results: The introduction of retinoic acid into the culture caused an increase in the F-actin level and its redistribution in the form of stress fibers. Simultaneously, the cells changed their shape, generating more processes. No change was detected in the expression level of neuroendocrine markers: MAP-2 and chromogranin.
Conclusions: Retinoic acid appears to have an influence on some phenotype parameters of human pheochromocytoma cells. Further work is needed to determine the molecular mechanisms of this process, and to evaluate thoroughly the benefits of introducing retinoic acid into therapy of pheochromocytoma tumors.

Abstract

Introduction: Retinoic acid is a regulator of gene expression which, by binding to its nuclear receptor, determines the degree of differentiation in multiple cancer cell types. On the basis of this capability it was introduced, e.g. in the therapy of neuroblastoma. In cells derived from neural crest, such as neuroblastoma cells, retinoic acid initiates differentiation into neurons. This substance acts in a similar way on a rat pheochromocytoma cell line PC12. The aim of our work was to examine the influence of retinoic acid on the phenotype of human pheochromocytoma cells in primary culture.
Material and methods: Observations were made on two primary cultures isolated from human pheochromocytoma. Cells were grown in RPMI1640 medium supplemented with 10% foetal bovine serum. Subsequently, the cultures were treated with 100 mMol retinoic acid for three-days. An evaluation of the phenotype change was performed by estimating the expression levels of F-actin, MAP-2 protein, and chromogranin, with the use of a confocal microscopy.
Results: The introduction of retinoic acid into the culture caused an increase in the F-actin level and its redistribution in the form of stress fibers. Simultaneously, the cells changed their shape, generating more processes. No change was detected in the expression level of neuroendocrine markers: MAP-2 and chromogranin.
Conclusions: Retinoic acid appears to have an influence on some phenotype parameters of human pheochromocytoma cells. Further work is needed to determine the molecular mechanisms of this process, and to evaluate thoroughly the benefits of introducing retinoic acid into therapy of pheochromocytoma tumors.
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Keywords

retinoic acid; pheochromocytoma; primary culture

About this article
Title

The effect of retinoic acid on primary cultures of human pheochromocytoma cells

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 57, Supp. A (2006)

Pages

82-87

Published online

2006-09-25

Keywords

retinoic acid
pheochromocytoma
primary culture

Authors

Ewa Wilczek
Michał Mazurkiewicz
Maciej Otto
Dariusz Śladowski
Barbara Górnicka
Łukasz Koperski
Grzegorz M. Wilczyński
Aleksander Wasiutyński

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