open access

Vol 57, Supp. A (2006)
Original papers
Published online: 2006-09-25
Submitted: 2013-02-15
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Percentage of neoplastic cells in papillary thyroid carcinoma: implications for DNA microarray studies of gene expression profile

Ewa Chmielik, Michał Jarząb, Dariusz Lange

open access

Vol 57, Supp. A (2006)
Original papers
Published online: 2006-09-25
Submitted: 2013-02-15

Abstract

Studies of gene expression profile using DNA microarray technology are usually performed using either tumor-derived sample material or isolated neoplastic cells obtained through microdissection. The scope of information about neoplastic transformation gained from studying profile of gene expression in microdissected samples would be much wider but collection of sufficient amounts of intact RNA is very difficult. A compromise could be reached by relating gene expression profile to percentage of neoplastic cells in the investigated tissue sample. The ratio of neoplastic cells in the investigated sample of papillary thyroid cancer was assessed through evaluation of approximated count of cell number in 10-18 examined image fields. This information was related to gene expression profiles obtained from DNA microarrays. The study involved 40 cases of papillary thyroid cancer; the percentage of PTC cells varied between 20 and 95% and only in half of the cases exceeded 75%. Correct differentiation of tumor and normal sample by means of gene expression profile was possible only when the percentage of tumor cells exceeded 25-30%. Seventeen genes showing the best correlation with the tumor cell numbers were selected and their classification potential was evaluated.
Strength of information derived from gene expression profile studies by DNA microarrays in papillary thyroid cancer cells is very reliable and permits distinguishing correctly between normal and neoplastic tissues even when the percentage of cancer cells does not exceed 25-50%. However, the differentiation potential of gene expression profile is not markedly improved by selection of genes showing best correlation with the number of tumor cells.

Abstract

Studies of gene expression profile using DNA microarray technology are usually performed using either tumor-derived sample material or isolated neoplastic cells obtained through microdissection. The scope of information about neoplastic transformation gained from studying profile of gene expression in microdissected samples would be much wider but collection of sufficient amounts of intact RNA is very difficult. A compromise could be reached by relating gene expression profile to percentage of neoplastic cells in the investigated tissue sample. The ratio of neoplastic cells in the investigated sample of papillary thyroid cancer was assessed through evaluation of approximated count of cell number in 10-18 examined image fields. This information was related to gene expression profiles obtained from DNA microarrays. The study involved 40 cases of papillary thyroid cancer; the percentage of PTC cells varied between 20 and 95% and only in half of the cases exceeded 75%. Correct differentiation of tumor and normal sample by means of gene expression profile was possible only when the percentage of tumor cells exceeded 25-30%. Seventeen genes showing the best correlation with the tumor cell numbers were selected and their classification potential was evaluated.
Strength of information derived from gene expression profile studies by DNA microarrays in papillary thyroid cancer cells is very reliable and permits distinguishing correctly between normal and neoplastic tissues even when the percentage of cancer cells does not exceed 25-50%. However, the differentiation potential of gene expression profile is not markedly improved by selection of genes showing best correlation with the number of tumor cells.
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Keywords

DNA microarray; papillary thyroid carcinoma; percentage of neoplastic cells

About this article
Title

Percentage of neoplastic cells in papillary thyroid carcinoma: implications for DNA microarray studies of gene expression profile

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 57, Supp. A (2006)

Pages

32-37

Published online

2006-09-25

Keywords

DNA microarray
papillary thyroid carcinoma
percentage of neoplastic cells

Authors

Ewa Chmielik
Michał Jarząb
Dariusz Lange

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