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Vol 58, No 6 (2007)
Original papers
Published online: 2007-11-21
Submitted: 2013-02-15
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The relationship between androgens concentrations (testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate) and metabolic syndrome in non-obese elderly men

Michał Rabijewski, Lucyna Papierska, Jarosław Kozakowski, Wojciech Zgliczyński
Endokrynologia Polska 2007;58(6):496-504.

open access

Vol 58, No 6 (2007)
Original papers
Published online: 2007-11-21
Submitted: 2013-02-15

Abstract

Introduction: The metabolic syndrome characterized by central obesity, insulin and lipid dysregulation, and hypertension, is a precursor state for atherosclerotic process and, in consequence, cardiovascular disease. Decline of both testicular and adrenal function with aging causes a decrease in androgen concentration in men. It has been postulated that low levels of total testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) are associated with unfavorable levels of several strong cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as lipids and blood pleasure, which are components of the metabolic syndrome, and insulin levels. Both testosterone and DHEA-S deficiency are risk factors of obesity and insulin resistance, but it is not clear, whether this possible influence is independent. The aim of this study was to determined whether lower androgens (testosterone and DHEA-S) levels are associated with the development of metabolic syndrome in non-obese elderly men as well as analysis, whether these sex hormones influents on measured parameters separately.
Material and methods: Together 85 men age from 60 to 70 years (mean 66.3 &plusmn; 1.5 years; mean &plusmn; SEM) were analyzed. Testosterone levels < 4 ng/ml or DHEA levels < 2000 ng/ml and BMI < 30 kg/m2 were including criteria. Patients were divided into three groups: 52 with testosterone deficiency (L-T), 32 with DHEA deficiency (L-DHEA-S) and 67 with deficiency of both sex hormones (L-T/DHEA-S). The influence of sex hormones deficiency in these groups on blood pressure, lipids, visceral obesity and fasting glucose were measured (according to metabolic syndrome definition NCEP III/IDF).
Results: Testosterone levels in L-T, L-DHEA and L-T/DHEA-S groups were respectively 3.19 &plusmn; 0.23 ng/ml, 4.89 &plusmn; 0.45 ng/ml and 3.25 &plusmn; 0.34 g/ml (p < 0.002). While DHEA-S levels were respectively 2498 &plusmn; 98 ng/ml, 1435 &plusmn; 1010 ng/ml and 1501 &plusmn; &plusmn; 89 ng/ml). BMI values do not differ between groups. Waist circumference was significantly higher in L-T/DHEA-S group than in L-T i L-DHEA-S groups (respectively: 99.9 &plusmn; 6,1 cm, 97.1 &plusmn; 7.1 cm i 96.2 &plusmn; 6.4 cm; mean &plusmn; SD, p < 0.05 vs. L-T and L-DHEA-S groups). Mean triglycerides concentration in L-T/DHEA-S group was significantly higher than in L-T and L-DHEA-S groups (respectively: 188.2 &plusmn; 13.3 mg/dl, 161.7 &plusmn; 14.7 mg/dl and 152.2 &plusmn; 12.8 mg/dl (mean &plusmn; SD; p < 0.02 vs. L-T and L-DHEA-S groups). Analysis of prevalence of risk factors showed, that in L-T/DHEA-S group they were more frequent than in other groups. The most significant percentage difference was observed for triglycerides: concentration &#8805; 150 mg/dl was measured in 31% men in L-T group, 28% men in L-DHEA-S group and 42% men in L-T/DHEA-S group. According metabolic syndrome definition NCEP III/IDF prevalence of this syndrome was: 71% patients in L-T/DHEA-S group, 67% patients in L-T group and 64% patients in L-DHEA-S group.
Conclusions: The DHEA-S and testosterone deficiency was a significant and independent risk factor of the metabolic syndrome in non-obese elderly men. It seems, that triglycerides concentration and waist circumference are more sensitive then others parameters to reflect the influence of sex hormones deficiency on risk of the metabolic syndrome in elderly men.

Abstract

Introduction: The metabolic syndrome characterized by central obesity, insulin and lipid dysregulation, and hypertension, is a precursor state for atherosclerotic process and, in consequence, cardiovascular disease. Decline of both testicular and adrenal function with aging causes a decrease in androgen concentration in men. It has been postulated that low levels of total testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate (DHEA-S) are associated with unfavorable levels of several strong cardiovascular disease risk factors, such as lipids and blood pleasure, which are components of the metabolic syndrome, and insulin levels. Both testosterone and DHEA-S deficiency are risk factors of obesity and insulin resistance, but it is not clear, whether this possible influence is independent. The aim of this study was to determined whether lower androgens (testosterone and DHEA-S) levels are associated with the development of metabolic syndrome in non-obese elderly men as well as analysis, whether these sex hormones influents on measured parameters separately.
Material and methods: Together 85 men age from 60 to 70 years (mean 66.3 &plusmn; 1.5 years; mean &plusmn; SEM) were analyzed. Testosterone levels < 4 ng/ml or DHEA levels < 2000 ng/ml and BMI < 30 kg/m2 were including criteria. Patients were divided into three groups: 52 with testosterone deficiency (L-T), 32 with DHEA deficiency (L-DHEA-S) and 67 with deficiency of both sex hormones (L-T/DHEA-S). The influence of sex hormones deficiency in these groups on blood pressure, lipids, visceral obesity and fasting glucose were measured (according to metabolic syndrome definition NCEP III/IDF).
Results: Testosterone levels in L-T, L-DHEA and L-T/DHEA-S groups were respectively 3.19 &plusmn; 0.23 ng/ml, 4.89 &plusmn; 0.45 ng/ml and 3.25 &plusmn; 0.34 g/ml (p < 0.002). While DHEA-S levels were respectively 2498 &plusmn; 98 ng/ml, 1435 &plusmn; 1010 ng/ml and 1501 &plusmn; &plusmn; 89 ng/ml). BMI values do not differ between groups. Waist circumference was significantly higher in L-T/DHEA-S group than in L-T i L-DHEA-S groups (respectively: 99.9 &plusmn; 6,1 cm, 97.1 &plusmn; 7.1 cm i 96.2 &plusmn; 6.4 cm; mean &plusmn; SD, p < 0.05 vs. L-T and L-DHEA-S groups). Mean triglycerides concentration in L-T/DHEA-S group was significantly higher than in L-T and L-DHEA-S groups (respectively: 188.2 &plusmn; 13.3 mg/dl, 161.7 &plusmn; 14.7 mg/dl and 152.2 &plusmn; 12.8 mg/dl (mean &plusmn; SD; p < 0.02 vs. L-T and L-DHEA-S groups). Analysis of prevalence of risk factors showed, that in L-T/DHEA-S group they were more frequent than in other groups. The most significant percentage difference was observed for triglycerides: concentration &#8805; 150 mg/dl was measured in 31% men in L-T group, 28% men in L-DHEA-S group and 42% men in L-T/DHEA-S group. According metabolic syndrome definition NCEP III/IDF prevalence of this syndrome was: 71% patients in L-T/DHEA-S group, 67% patients in L-T group and 64% patients in L-DHEA-S group.
Conclusions: The DHEA-S and testosterone deficiency was a significant and independent risk factor of the metabolic syndrome in non-obese elderly men. It seems, that triglycerides concentration and waist circumference are more sensitive then others parameters to reflect the influence of sex hormones deficiency on risk of the metabolic syndrome in elderly men.
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Keywords

testosterone; DHEA-S; men; metabolic syndrome

About this article
Title

The relationship between androgens concentrations (testosterone and dehydroepiandrosterone sulfate) and metabolic syndrome in non-obese elderly men

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 58, No 6 (2007)

Pages

496-504

Published online

2007-11-21

Bibliographic record

Endokrynologia Polska 2007;58(6):496-504.

Keywords

testosterone
DHEA-S
men
metabolic syndrome

Authors

Michał Rabijewski
Lucyna Papierska
Jarosław Kozakowski
Wojciech Zgliczyński

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