open access

Vol 61, No 4 (2010)
Postgraduate education
Published online: 2010-08-31
Submitted: 2013-02-15
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Methods of hair loss evaluation in patients with endocrine disorders

Małgorzata Olszewska, Olga Warszawik, Adriana Rakowska, Monika Słowińska, Lidia Rudnicka
Endokrynologia Polska 2010;61(4):406-411.

open access

Vol 61, No 4 (2010)
Postgraduate education
Published online: 2010-08-31
Submitted: 2013-02-15

Abstract

Hair loss may accompany several endocrine disorders, including hypopituitarism, hypothyreosis, hyperthyreosis, hypoparathyroidism, diabetes mellitus, growth hormone deficiency, hyperprolactinaemia, polycystic ovary syndrome, SAHA syndrome, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, Cushing syndrome, or virilising tumours. Most patients with endocrine disorders present with diffuse non-scarring alopecia, such as anagen effluvium, telogen effluvium or androgenetic alopecia. Focal non-scarring alopecia, such as alopecia areata coexisting with autoimmune thyroiditis, is less frequent and scarring alopecia is a rare finding in patients with endocrine abnormalities. In some cases an endocrine disorder may be suspected based on dermatological findings during hair loss evaluation. Classic methods of hair evaluation include hair weighing, pull test, wash test, the trichogram, and histopathological examination. Newly developed non-invasive diagnostic techniques include the phototrichogram, trichoscan, trichoscopy, and reflectance confocal microscopy. (Pol J Endocrinol 2010; 61 (4): 406-411)

Abstract

Hair loss may accompany several endocrine disorders, including hypopituitarism, hypothyreosis, hyperthyreosis, hypoparathyroidism, diabetes mellitus, growth hormone deficiency, hyperprolactinaemia, polycystic ovary syndrome, SAHA syndrome, congenital adrenal hyperplasia, Cushing syndrome, or virilising tumours. Most patients with endocrine disorders present with diffuse non-scarring alopecia, such as anagen effluvium, telogen effluvium or androgenetic alopecia. Focal non-scarring alopecia, such as alopecia areata coexisting with autoimmune thyroiditis, is less frequent and scarring alopecia is a rare finding in patients with endocrine abnormalities. In some cases an endocrine disorder may be suspected based on dermatological findings during hair loss evaluation. Classic methods of hair evaluation include hair weighing, pull test, wash test, the trichogram, and histopathological examination. Newly developed non-invasive diagnostic techniques include the phototrichogram, trichoscan, trichoscopy, and reflectance confocal microscopy. (Pol J Endocrinol 2010; 61 (4): 406-411)
Get Citation

Keywords

alopecia; telogen effluvium; androgenetic alopecia; trichogram; trichoscopy

About this article
Title

Methods of hair loss evaluation in patients with endocrine disorders

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 61, No 4 (2010)

Pages

406-411

Published online

2010-08-31

Bibliographic record

Endokrynologia Polska 2010;61(4):406-411.

Keywords

alopecia
telogen effluvium
androgenetic alopecia
trichogram
trichoscopy

Authors

Małgorzata Olszewska
Olga Warszawik
Adriana Rakowska
Monika Słowińska
Lidia Rudnicka

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