open access

Vol 63, No 2 (2012)
Original papers
Published online: 2012-04-27
Submitted: 2013-02-15
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The effect of overt and subclinical hypothyroidism on the development of non-dipper blood pressure

Salih Inal, Mehmet A Karakoç, Erdal Kan, Fatma A Ebinç, Füsun B Törüner, Metin Aslan
Endokrynologia Polska 2012;63(2):97-103.

open access

Vol 63, No 2 (2012)
Original papers
Published online: 2012-04-27
Submitted: 2013-02-15

Abstract

Introduction: ′Non-dippers′ are individuals without the anticipated nocturnal decrease in blood pressure. An increased incidence of target organ damage and a worse outcome in terms of cardiovascular events have been reported in this group of people. The pathogenesis of non-dipper hypertension is not clear at present. We aimed to investigate the effects of overt and subclinical hypothyroidism on the development of a non-dipper blood pressure pattern via 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Material and methods: 109 normotensive patients with overt and subclinical hypothyroidism were evaluated, and 95 of these patients without reverse dipping and masked hypertension were included in the study. The control group consisted of 75 gender- and age-matched, normotensive, euthyroid healthy individuals.
Results:
Median serum TSH levels were 7.61 and 1.59 mUmL in patient and control groups, respectively. The number of non-dippers according to systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressure was significantly higher in the patients with hypothyroidism compared to the control group. In linear regression analysis, TSH had a negative effect on the night/day ratio of the systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressures.
Conclusion: Despite the fact that the effect of hypothyroidism on non-dipper blood pressure pattern is not known, the present study has revealed that elevated TSH levels are likely to increase the risk of non-dipping in normotensive patients with either overt or subclinical hypothyroidism. (Pol J Endocrinol 2012; 63 (2): 97–103)

Abstract

Introduction: ′Non-dippers′ are individuals without the anticipated nocturnal decrease in blood pressure. An increased incidence of target organ damage and a worse outcome in terms of cardiovascular events have been reported in this group of people. The pathogenesis of non-dipper hypertension is not clear at present. We aimed to investigate the effects of overt and subclinical hypothyroidism on the development of a non-dipper blood pressure pattern via 24-hour ambulatory blood pressure monitoring. Material and methods: 109 normotensive patients with overt and subclinical hypothyroidism were evaluated, and 95 of these patients without reverse dipping and masked hypertension were included in the study. The control group consisted of 75 gender- and age-matched, normotensive, euthyroid healthy individuals.
Results:
Median serum TSH levels were 7.61 and 1.59 mUmL in patient and control groups, respectively. The number of non-dippers according to systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressure was significantly higher in the patients with hypothyroidism compared to the control group. In linear regression analysis, TSH had a negative effect on the night/day ratio of the systolic, diastolic and mean blood pressures.
Conclusion: Despite the fact that the effect of hypothyroidism on non-dipper blood pressure pattern is not known, the present study has revealed that elevated TSH levels are likely to increase the risk of non-dipping in normotensive patients with either overt or subclinical hypothyroidism. (Pol J Endocrinol 2012; 63 (2): 97–103)
Get Citation

Keywords

hypothyroidism; dipping; non-dipper blood pressure; ambulatory blood pressure monitoring; TSH

About this article
Title

The effect of overt and subclinical hypothyroidism on the development of non-dipper blood pressure

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 63, No 2 (2012)

Pages

97-103

Published online

2012-04-27

Bibliographic record

Endokrynologia Polska 2012;63(2):97-103.

Keywords

hypothyroidism
dipping
non-dipper blood pressure
ambulatory blood pressure monitoring
TSH

Authors

Salih Inal
Mehmet A Karakoç
Erdal Kan
Fatma A Ebinç
Füsun B Törüner
Metin Aslan

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