open access

Vol 63, No 3 (2012)
Original papers
Published online: 2012-06-28
Submitted: 2013-02-15
Get Citation

The expression of particular glucose transporters and insulin resistance indicators in the risk groups of type 2 diabetes — a two-year follow-up

Małgorzata Bernat-Karpińska, Paweł Piątkiewicz, Anna Czech, Piotr Wierzbicki
Endokrynologia Polska 2012;63(3):212-219.

open access

Vol 63, No 3 (2012)
Original papers
Published online: 2012-06-28
Submitted: 2013-02-15

Abstract


Introduction:
The proper expression of particular glucotransporter (GLUT) isoforms determines a sufficient supply of glucose to tissues. The impairment of cellular glucose transport observed in insulin resistance leads to glucose metabolism disturbances. The aim of this study was the estimation of insulin resistance indicators and the quantitative expression of GLUT-1, GLUT-3 and GLUT-4 on peripheral blood lymphocytes in prediabetic subjects and persons with a positive family history of type 2 diabetes during 24 months of observation.
Material and methods: The study included 25 prediabetic subjects (according to WHO criteria) and 24 normoglycaemic individuals with a positive family history of type 2 diabetes. Twenty three healthy subjects with no family history of type 2 diabetes, matched with BMI, served as a control group. All participants were recommended to perform physical activity for at least 140 minutes per week and to maintain a low calorie diet. The peripheral blood lymphocytes demonstrating expression of GLUT-1, GLUT-3 and GLUT-4 were labelled with the use of indirect immunofluorescence. The expression of GLUT isoforms was investigated by flow cytometry. Cells were stained by using anti-human GLUT antibodies and FITC-conjugated immunoglobulin. Flow cytometry was performed using a FACS Calibur (Becton-Dickinson). Additionally, we determined: fasting plasma glucose (FPG), insulin and C peptide concentrations, HOMA-IR, BMI and WHR. All the tests were performed at baseline, and after 12 and 24 months.
Results: At baseline, prediabetics and subjects with a positive family history of type 2 diabetes were characterised by a much higher expression of GLUT-4 compared to control subjects. Twenty four months of lifestyle modification resulted in significant lowering of the expression of GLUT-4 on the surface of PBL in both studied groups, with no differences in the expression of GLUT-1 or GLUT-3. Both prediabetic subjects and individuals with a positive family history of type 2 diabetes revealed no significant differences in determined insulin resistance markers after 24 months of the observation compared to the baseline values.
Conclusions: The estimation of typical GLUT isoforms present on the peripheral blood lymphocytes, as well as the evaluation of insulin resistance indicators, are obviously insufficient for monitoring the metabolic disorders progression in the risk groups of type 2 diabetes. The decrease in GLUT-4 lymphocyte expression may reflect a positive influence of lifestyle modification on a tissue redistribution of this crucial insulin-dependent glucotransporter. The determination of GLUT-4 on the surface of peripheral blood lymphocytes can be a useful tool for the evaluation of the efficacy of therapeutic actions in subjects at high risk of type 2 diabetes

Abstract


Introduction:
The proper expression of particular glucotransporter (GLUT) isoforms determines a sufficient supply of glucose to tissues. The impairment of cellular glucose transport observed in insulin resistance leads to glucose metabolism disturbances. The aim of this study was the estimation of insulin resistance indicators and the quantitative expression of GLUT-1, GLUT-3 and GLUT-4 on peripheral blood lymphocytes in prediabetic subjects and persons with a positive family history of type 2 diabetes during 24 months of observation.
Material and methods: The study included 25 prediabetic subjects (according to WHO criteria) and 24 normoglycaemic individuals with a positive family history of type 2 diabetes. Twenty three healthy subjects with no family history of type 2 diabetes, matched with BMI, served as a control group. All participants were recommended to perform physical activity for at least 140 minutes per week and to maintain a low calorie diet. The peripheral blood lymphocytes demonstrating expression of GLUT-1, GLUT-3 and GLUT-4 were labelled with the use of indirect immunofluorescence. The expression of GLUT isoforms was investigated by flow cytometry. Cells were stained by using anti-human GLUT antibodies and FITC-conjugated immunoglobulin. Flow cytometry was performed using a FACS Calibur (Becton-Dickinson). Additionally, we determined: fasting plasma glucose (FPG), insulin and C peptide concentrations, HOMA-IR, BMI and WHR. All the tests were performed at baseline, and after 12 and 24 months.
Results: At baseline, prediabetics and subjects with a positive family history of type 2 diabetes were characterised by a much higher expression of GLUT-4 compared to control subjects. Twenty four months of lifestyle modification resulted in significant lowering of the expression of GLUT-4 on the surface of PBL in both studied groups, with no differences in the expression of GLUT-1 or GLUT-3. Both prediabetic subjects and individuals with a positive family history of type 2 diabetes revealed no significant differences in determined insulin resistance markers after 24 months of the observation compared to the baseline values.
Conclusions: The estimation of typical GLUT isoforms present on the peripheral blood lymphocytes, as well as the evaluation of insulin resistance indicators, are obviously insufficient for monitoring the metabolic disorders progression in the risk groups of type 2 diabetes. The decrease in GLUT-4 lymphocyte expression may reflect a positive influence of lifestyle modification on a tissue redistribution of this crucial insulin-dependent glucotransporter. The determination of GLUT-4 on the surface of peripheral blood lymphocytes can be a useful tool for the evaluation of the efficacy of therapeutic actions in subjects at high risk of type 2 diabetes
Get Citation

Keywords

pre-diabetes; positive family history; type 2 diabetes; insulin resistance; glucose transport; glucose transporters (GLUT); lymphocytes

About this article
Title

The expression of particular glucose transporters and insulin resistance indicators in the risk groups of type 2 diabetes — a two-year follow-up

Journal

Endokrynologia Polska

Issue

Vol 63, No 3 (2012)

Pages

212-219

Published online

2012-06-28

Bibliographic record

Endokrynologia Polska 2012;63(3):212-219.

Keywords

pre-diabetes
positive family history
type 2 diabetes
insulin resistance
glucose transport
glucose transporters (GLUT)
lymphocytes

Authors

Małgorzata Bernat-Karpińska
Paweł Piątkiewicz
Anna Czech
Piotr Wierzbicki

Important: This website uses cookies.tanya dokter More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

Via MedicaWydawcą serwisu jest  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl