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Review paper
Published online: 2022-06-28
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Strengthening the primary health care system in the face of emerging and re-emerging epidemics — provide a native and Applicable model based on best practices of countries

Hamid Jafari1, Seyed Masood Mousavi2, Hamed Ghoshouni2, Moein Nemati2, Shayan Fattahian Kelishadrokhi2
DOI: 10.5603/DEMJ.a2022.0024
Affiliations
  1. Department of Public Health, Sirjan School of Medical Sciences, Iran
  2. Shahid Sadoughi University of Medical Sciences, Iran

open access

Ahead of Print
REVIEW ARTICLES
Published online: 2022-06-28

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Disasters affected the primary health care system in many ways. Maintaining primary health care services is a challenging issue during disasters such as epidemics. A review was conducted to study the lessons learned and successful experiences of other countries in opposing the spread of infectious diseases using the capacity of primary health care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present study is a comprehensive review of countries’ experiences, successful models, and structural components for development of a model for Iran. A systematic search with suitable keywords was conducted in many databases including web of science, PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Google Scholar, and Persian databases; Magiran, and SID. RESULTS: The results showed that generally, the successful actions of countries in case of emergency are divided into disaster cycles including preparedness, response, and recovery. PHC can help health systems to identify new epidemics through surveillance system as an early warning system. Because of the importance of continuity of care in primary health care facilities, business continuity plans are needed. CONCLUSIONS: In order to use the consequences and play an effective role in this field, Iran should use the country’s capacity and inter-sectoral cooperation to establish a comprehensive system for telemedicine programs Providing people with doctors and health professionals can strengthen the performance of the primary health care system finally can strengthen the performance of the primary health care system.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Disasters affected the primary health care system in many ways. Maintaining primary health care services is a challenging issue during disasters such as epidemics. A review was conducted to study the lessons learned and successful experiences of other countries in opposing the spread of infectious diseases using the capacity of primary health care. MATERIAL AND METHODS: The present study is a comprehensive review of countries’ experiences, successful models, and structural components for development of a model for Iran. A systematic search with suitable keywords was conducted in many databases including web of science, PubMed, Scopus, Science Direct, Google Scholar, and Persian databases; Magiran, and SID. RESULTS: The results showed that generally, the successful actions of countries in case of emergency are divided into disaster cycles including preparedness, response, and recovery. PHC can help health systems to identify new epidemics through surveillance system as an early warning system. Because of the importance of continuity of care in primary health care facilities, business continuity plans are needed. CONCLUSIONS: In order to use the consequences and play an effective role in this field, Iran should use the country’s capacity and inter-sectoral cooperation to establish a comprehensive system for telemedicine programs Providing people with doctors and health professionals can strengthen the performance of the primary health care system finally can strengthen the performance of the primary health care system.

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Keywords

disaster; primary health care; epidemics; infectious diseases

About this article
Title

Strengthening the primary health care system in the face of emerging and re-emerging epidemics — provide a native and Applicable model based on best practices of countries

Journal

Disaster and Emergency Medicine Journal

Issue

Ahead of Print

Article type

Review paper

Published online

2022-06-28

Page views

47

Article views/downloads

31

DOI

10.5603/DEMJ.a2022.0024

Keywords

disaster
primary health care
epidemics
infectious diseases

Authors

Hamid Jafari
Seyed Masood Mousavi
Hamed Ghoshouni
Moein Nemati
Shayan Fattahian Kelishadrokhi

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