Vol 7, No 4 (2022)
Review paper
Published online: 2022-09-08

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Job stress among Iranian firefighters: a systematic review

Sayedeh Somayyeh Mousavipour12, Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri3, Mohamad Golitaleb4, Iman Farahi-Ashtiani2, Kosar Yousefi5, Ali Sahebi5
Disaster Emerg Med J 2022;7(4):239-244.

Abstract

INTRODUCTION: Firefighters, as the first responders to disasters, are exposed to dangerous and stressful situ­ations and experience high job stress due to the nature of their work, affecting various physical and mental health dimensions. The aim of this study was to assess job stress in Iranian firefighters by systematic review.

MATERIAL AND METHODS: PRISMA guideline was used to conduct the present study. Data resources of SID, Magiran, Scopus, PubMed, ISC, Web of Science, and Google Scholar were searched. Conference papers and the reference list of retrieved articles were screened to identify additional studies. Literature searches were conducted in both Persian and English without any time limit until the end of 2020.

RESULTS: Initially, 147 studies were identified, and finally 13 eligible studies were systematically reviewed. In this study, 2378 Iranian firefighters were studied. Most of the studies had cross-sectional designs.

CONCLUSIONS: The results of the present study showed that most Iranian firefighters are exposed to job stress, influencing other life aspects such as quality of life, job satisfaction, etc. As appropriate interventions can reduce job stress, providing firefighters with adequate training at the beginning of employment and also with in-service training, it is possible to reduce their job stress.

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