Vol 7, No 1 (2022)
Research paper
Published online: 2022-03-18

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Disaster risk assessment of primary healthcare facilities in South East of Iran: a study with approach of disaster risk reduction

Gholamreza Khademipour1, Hojjat Sheikhbardsiri12
Disaster Emerg Med J 2022;7(1):11-20.


INTRODUCTION: Disaster risk management requires a systematic process, including executive, organizational decisions, other capacities to perform policies, strategies, and social capacity to reduce the negative effects and consequences of risks. The purpose of this study is to investigate the risk assessment process in all healthcare facilities of South East of Iran.
MATERIAL AND METHODS: This cross-sectional study was conducted at the Kerman University of Medical Sciences in 2021 and the population participating in this study was all healthcare facilities, n = 2835 in the cities of South East of Iran that were selected with a census method. The risk assessment of healthcare facilities was performed with two qualitative and quantitative methods.
RESULTS: The results of the current study showed that 26 main hazards threaten healthcare facilities in South East of Iran and high priorities of healthcare hazards were earthquake, dust, drought, flood, and traffic incidents. Also, the results indicated that the vulnerability total mean score (733.26) of healthcare facilities was at a high level and the total mean score of response capacity (418.13) in healthcare facilities was at a moderate level. The results based on the assessment of three dimensions of hazard, vulnerability, and response capacity showed the risk total mean scores of healthcare facilities (117.39) was at a high level.
CONCLUSIONS: Current research showed that the risk level of disasters was very high in the majority of healthcare facilities of South East of Iran. Therefore, national and provincial decision-makers or policymakers should make the right decisions to decrease disaster risks level through special attention to structural, non-structural, functional, managerial vulnerabilities and improvement of response capacity of healthcare facilities.

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