open access

Vol 11, No 5 (2022)
Research paper
Submitted: 2022-02-24
Accepted: 2022-08-13
Published online: 2022-10-19
Get Citation

Foot Care Performance and Foot Self-Care Behaviors in Iranian Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study

Vahid Shojaeimotlagh1, Vajiheh Baghi2, Pegah Dalvand3, Yen-Fan Chin4, Marzieh Aslani5, Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh6
DOI: 10.5603/DK.a2022.0045
·
Clinical Diabetology 2022;11(5):309-315.
Affiliations
  1. Department of Medical Surgical Nursing, Urmia University of Medical Sciences, Urmia, Iran, Islamic Republic Of
  2. Besat Hospital, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Iran, Islamic Republic Of
  3. Department of Mathematics, Shahrood University of Technology, Shahrood, Shahrood, Iran, Islamic Republic Of
  4. School of Nursing, College of Medicine, Chang Gung University, Taoyuan City, Taiwan
  5. Department of Nursing, Asadabad School of Medical Sciences, Asadabad, Iran, Islamic Republic Of
  6. Clinical Care Research Center, Research Institute for Health Development, Kurdistan University of Medical Sciences, Sanandaj, Sanandaj, Iran, Islamic Republic Of

open access

Vol 11, No 5 (2022)
Original articles
Submitted: 2022-02-24
Accepted: 2022-08-13
Published online: 2022-10-19

Abstract

Objective: A diabetic foot ulcer is one of the preventable complications of diabetes that can lead to amputation, morbidity, and mortality and increase treatment costs. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between self-care behaviors, demographic-clinical variables and, foot care performance in patients with diabetes. Materials and methods: This descriptive-analytical study was performed on 191 patients with type 2 diabetes in Asadabad (Hamadan province) in 2021. The demographic-clinical information form, the diabetic foot care performance scale, and the diabetic foot self-care behavior scale were used to collect data. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (multiple linear regression). Data analysis was performed using R software version 4.1.0. Results: The mean age of the subjects was 50.58 ± 11.87 years, and the duration of diabetes was 8.55 ± 9.07 years. There was a significant relationship between foot self-care behavior and age (p = 0.027), primary and secondary education compared to university education (p=0.042), insulin use compared to use of oral agents and insulin (p = 0.014), the logarithm of the duration of diabetes (p = 0.0001), foot care performance (p = 0.010). Conclusions: The status of self-care behaviors in patients with diabetes is unfavorable, and it is necessary to provide the necessary training to these patients to improve self-care and foot care.

Abstract

Objective: A diabetic foot ulcer is one of the preventable complications of diabetes that can lead to amputation, morbidity, and mortality and increase treatment costs. This study aimed to investigate the relationship between self-care behaviors, demographic-clinical variables and, foot care performance in patients with diabetes. Materials and methods: This descriptive-analytical study was performed on 191 patients with type 2 diabetes in Asadabad (Hamadan province) in 2021. The demographic-clinical information form, the diabetic foot care performance scale, and the diabetic foot self-care behavior scale were used to collect data. The data were analyzed using descriptive and inferential statistics (multiple linear regression). Data analysis was performed using R software version 4.1.0. Results: The mean age of the subjects was 50.58 ± 11.87 years, and the duration of diabetes was 8.55 ± 9.07 years. There was a significant relationship between foot self-care behavior and age (p = 0.027), primary and secondary education compared to university education (p=0.042), insulin use compared to use of oral agents and insulin (p = 0.014), the logarithm of the duration of diabetes (p = 0.0001), foot care performance (p = 0.010). Conclusions: The status of self-care behaviors in patients with diabetes is unfavorable, and it is necessary to provide the necessary training to these patients to improve self-care and foot care.

Get Citation

Keywords

self-care, foot ulcer, diabetes, foot care performance

About this article
Title

Foot Care Performance and Foot Self-Care Behaviors in Iranian Patients with Type 2 Diabetes: A Cross-Sectional Study

Journal

Clinical Diabetology

Issue

Vol 11, No 5 (2022)

Article type

Research paper

Pages

309-315

Published online

2022-10-19

Page views

107

Article views/downloads

41

DOI

10.5603/DK.a2022.0045

Bibliographic record

Clinical Diabetology 2022;11(5):309-315.

Keywords

self-care
foot ulcer
diabetes
foot care performance

Authors

Vahid Shojaeimotlagh
Vajiheh Baghi
Pegah Dalvand
Yen-Fan Chin
Marzieh Aslani
Reza Ghanei Gheshlagh

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