Vol 5, No 2 (2004): Practical Diabetology
Research paper
Published online: 2004-04-02

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The relation between the style of coping and the choice of injector type at the beginning of insulin therapy in 2 type diabetes

Andrzej Kokoszka, Jacek Sieradzki
Diabetologia Praktyczna 2004;5(2):67-74.


INTRODUCTION. The choice of insulin injector (pen) is a complex problem. Analysis of literature suggests that styles of mechanism of coping with disease may be important factor related with this choice. The study was aiming at the verification of this hypothesis.
MATERIAL AND METHODS. 945 patients (553 females (59.1%) and 382 males (40.9%) of age 18–90 years (M = 61.7; SD = 11.65) took part in the study. They were beginning insulintherapy after a period of treatment of diabetes ranging from several months to 61 years (M = 8.33; SD = 5.93). A Brief Method of Evaluating Coping with Disease was applied to the assessment of the coping styles.
RESULTS. Many statistically significant differences between mean scores of coping styles among patients that choose four kinds of insulin injectors were found. These results suggest that avoidance-oriented coping is related with the choice of the simplest disposable injectors, whereas emotion-oriented coping style is related with the choice of more complicated disposable injector; task-oriented coping style is related with the choice of modern pen, whereas the best solution oriented style is related with the choice technologically the most advanced pen.
CONCLUSION. Mechanisms of coping with disease significantly is related with the choice of the type of insulin injector at the beginning of insulin therapy.

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