Vol 5, No 4 (2004): Practical Diabetology
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Published online: 2004-07-21

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The coping styles of adolescents with type 1 diabetes are associated with degree of metabolic control

Marit Graue, Tore Wentzel-Larsen, Edvin Bru, Berit Rokne Hanestad, Oddmund S vik
Diabetologia Praktyczna 2004;5(4):217-224.

Abstract


INTRODUCTION. To systematically study the various coping styles in a population-based sample of adolescents with type 1 diabetes, exploring the association of different coping styles with metabolic control and adolescent self-reported diabetes-related quality of life.
MATERIAL AND METHODS. Of a total population of 116 adolescents with type 1 diabetes (age 13–18 years), 103 (89%) participated in the study, completing a questionnaire to obtain information on coping styles and perception of diabetes-specific quality of life. The mean age (± SD) was 14.9 ± 1.6 years, diabetes duration 7.1 ± 3.8 years, HbA1c 9.4 ± 1.6%, and male-to-female ratio 52:51.
RESULTS. There was a significant correlation between higher HbA1c values and higher degree of mental (r = 0.25, P < 0.05) and behavioral (r = 0.33, P < 0.01) disengagement and aggressive coping (r = 0.33, P < 0.01). Stepwise multiple regression analyses indicated that greater use of aggressive coping (P < 0.05) and behavioral disengagement (P < 0.05) were significantly related to increase in HbA1c. Greater use of active coping (P < 0.05) was signifi- cantly related to a decrease in HbA1c. Partial correlation analysis showed that lower scores on diabetes-specific quality of life were significantly related to greater use of emotion-focused coping (r = –0.22 to –0.49). Stepwise multiple regression analyses showed that greater use of mental disengagement was significantly related to lower degree of perceived diabetes- related impact.
CONCLUSIONS. Poor metabolic control and lower degree of diabetes-related quality of life are associated with greater use of emotion-focused coping in adolescents with type 1 diabetes.

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