open access

Vol 10, No 1 (2009): Practical Diabetology
Original articles (submitted)
Published online: 2009-03-18
Get Citation

Socio-economic status and cognitive functions among diabetic patients. Cognitive functions among diabetic patients

Monika Talarowska, Antoni Florkowski, Adam Wysokiński, Piotr Gałecki, Agata Orzechowska, Krzysztof Zboralski
Diabetologia Praktyczna 2009;10(1):29-39.

open access

Vol 10, No 1 (2009): Practical Diabetology
Original articles (submitted)
Published online: 2009-03-18

Abstract


INTRODUCTION. The majority of authors agree that diabetes has a negative effect on cognitive functioning of patients with diabetes. It has been known for a long time that patients with diabetes are a group of people in whom the process of getting older reveals earlier and has a faster course. The objective of the paper is to evaluate relations between selected demographic variables (gender, age, education, place of residence) and the effectiveness of cognitive processes in patients with diabetes.
MATERIAL AND METHODS. Sixty-two patients, aged 18–55, were enrolled in the study: the patients with diagnosed type 1 diabetes (31 patients) and patients with diagnosed type 2 diabetes (31 patients). Psychological methods were used to evaluate cognitive functions.
RESULTS. Statistically significant dependencies were found between the effectiveness of cognitive processes and gender, age, place of residence and education.
CONCLUSIONS. The effectiveness of abstract thinking, psychomotor speed and efficiency, memory, learning, concentration and executive functions decrease with age of the patients. Lower level of education is associated with decreased level of abstract thinking, visual-motor coordination speed and efficiency, memory, executive functions, concentration, verbal fluency, effectiveness of learning processes. The patients who live in cities achieved better results in comparison with the patients who live in rural areas and smaller towns in terms of: abstract thinking, visual- motor coordination, concentration, memory, cognitive functions. Statistically significant differences were found in cognitive functioning of men and women participating in the study.

Abstract


INTRODUCTION. The majority of authors agree that diabetes has a negative effect on cognitive functioning of patients with diabetes. It has been known for a long time that patients with diabetes are a group of people in whom the process of getting older reveals earlier and has a faster course. The objective of the paper is to evaluate relations between selected demographic variables (gender, age, education, place of residence) and the effectiveness of cognitive processes in patients with diabetes.
MATERIAL AND METHODS. Sixty-two patients, aged 18–55, were enrolled in the study: the patients with diagnosed type 1 diabetes (31 patients) and patients with diagnosed type 2 diabetes (31 patients). Psychological methods were used to evaluate cognitive functions.
RESULTS. Statistically significant dependencies were found between the effectiveness of cognitive processes and gender, age, place of residence and education.
CONCLUSIONS. The effectiveness of abstract thinking, psychomotor speed and efficiency, memory, learning, concentration and executive functions decrease with age of the patients. Lower level of education is associated with decreased level of abstract thinking, visual-motor coordination speed and efficiency, memory, executive functions, concentration, verbal fluency, effectiveness of learning processes. The patients who live in cities achieved better results in comparison with the patients who live in rural areas and smaller towns in terms of: abstract thinking, visual- motor coordination, concentration, memory, cognitive functions. Statistically significant differences were found in cognitive functioning of men and women participating in the study.
Get Citation

Keywords

diabetes type 1 and 2; cognitive functions; socio-economic status

About this article
Title

Socio-economic status and cognitive functions among diabetic patients. Cognitive functions among diabetic patients

Journal

Clinical Diabetology

Issue

Vol 10, No 1 (2009): Practical Diabetology

Pages

29-39

Published online

2009-03-18

Bibliographic record

Diabetologia Praktyczna 2009;10(1):29-39.

Keywords

diabetes type 1 and 2
cognitive functions
socio-economic status

Authors

Monika Talarowska
Antoni Florkowski
Adam Wysokiński
Piotr Gałecki
Agata Orzechowska
Krzysztof Zboralski

Important: This website uses cookies.tanya dokter More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

Czasopismo Diabetologia Kliniczna dostęne jest również w Ikamed - księgarnia medyczna

Wydawcą serwisu jest  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl