Vol 8, No 6 (2019)
Research paper
Published online: 2020-01-23

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Role of serum allograft inflammatory factor-1 (AIF-1) in Egyptian type 2 diabetic patients

Mona Kamal ElDeeb1, Gihane Ibrahim Khalil1, Moatez Ahmed Zaki1, El-Sayed Mehana1, Sahar Omer1
Clin Diabetol 2019;8(6):271-276.


Background. Diabetes mellitus (DM) is a powerful and independent risk factor for cardiovascular disease. The atherosclerosis process in diabetes is indistinguishable from that of the nondiabetic population, but it begins earlier and is often more extensive and more severe. AIF-1 promotes chemotaxis, spreading and migration of macrophages and vascular smooth muscle cells (VSMCs) which suggest a role of AIF-1 in the atherosclerotic plaque formation. Thus, this study determines the role of AIF-1 in the Egyptian type 2 diabetic patients.

Results. The level of AIF-1 was significantly higher in the type 2 diabetic group when compared to the control group (p = 0.000). In type 2 diabetic patients group, there was a significant positive correlation between CIMT and AIF-1 (r = 0.468, p = 0.000). In addition to the positive correlation between CIMT and AIF-1, CIMT in regression model analysis was significantly positive contributing to the outcome variable (AIF-1) (p < 0.05), denoting the possible role of elevated serum AIF-1 level in atherosclerotic process with further studies on larger scale needed.

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