English Polski
Vol 22, No 1-2 (2020)
Research paper
Published online: 2022-01-18

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Effectiveness and safety of sleeve gastrectomy and adjustable gastric banding in morbidly obese patients single centre study

Robert Zurawel1, Marek Gluck2, Jerzy Piecuch2, Alicja Nowowiejska-Wiewiora3, Jacek Niedziela3, Maciej Wiewiora24
Chirurgia Polska 2020;22(1-2):14-19.

Abstract

Introduction: This retrospective study aimed to compare short- and long-term outcomes between laparoscopic
sleeve gastrectomy (SG) and laparoscopic adjustable gastric banding (LAGB).

Material and methods: This retrospective one-centre study included patients who underwent bariatric
surgery in the form of LAGB and SG.

Results: %BMIL was significantly higher in the SG group than in the LAGB group during postoperative
follow-up months (p < 0.001). LAGB patients had a lower %EWL compared to SG at each postoperative
follow-up month (p < 0.05). After LAGB, 25.0% patients had %EW ≥ 50%; in the LSG group, 44.8% patients achieved %EWL ≥ 50% (p < 0.0001). The LAGB group’s %EWL ≥ 50 was dependent on BMI before operation (p = 0.049). There are no postoperative complications after LAGB. A total of 221 patients in the SG group 6 (2.7%) had postoperative surgical complications within 30 days after surgery. Postoperative complications in the long term were significantly higher for LAGB than for LSG (p = 0.0062). Reoperation was performed in 16 (7%) patients after LAGB compared to 2 (0.9%) patients after LSG.

Conclusions: LSG is a more effective procedure than LAGB, contributing to greater improvement of weight
loss. LAGB is associated with lower surgery-related complications in the early postoperative period,
but long-term outcomes contributing to a higher late complication rate led to a higher reoperation rate
than SG procedure.

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