open access

Vol 5, No 1 (2003)
Published online: 2003-04-02
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Foreign bodies of the larynx and lower airways in children

Ireneusz Bielecki, Łukasz Zygan, Agnieszka Krzemień-Gabriel
Chirurgia Polska 2003;5(1):35-45.

open access

Vol 5, No 1 (2003)
Published online: 2003-04-02

Abstract

Foreign bodies of the larynx and the lower airways constitute a significant medical problem in children. Most common among children aged 1–3, it occurs less often in new-born and school children. The larynx, trachea and bronchi of a new-born baby and an infant show numerous differences in comparison with the anatomical structure of the same organs of an older child or an adult. The course of disease caused by the aspiration of a foreign body into the airways can be divided into four stages: acute obturation period, oligo-symptomatic period, period of acute inflammatory complications of the bronchi and lungs, and period of persistent bronchopulmonary damage. The pictorial diagnostics constitutes an indispensable or in the majority of cases the ultimate step taken in order to diagnose a foreign body in the airways. The suspicion of "acute aspiration" of a foreign body into the airways is always followed by directoscopy and bronchoscopy examinations.

Abstract

Foreign bodies of the larynx and the lower airways constitute a significant medical problem in children. Most common among children aged 1–3, it occurs less often in new-born and school children. The larynx, trachea and bronchi of a new-born baby and an infant show numerous differences in comparison with the anatomical structure of the same organs of an older child or an adult. The course of disease caused by the aspiration of a foreign body into the airways can be divided into four stages: acute obturation period, oligo-symptomatic period, period of acute inflammatory complications of the bronchi and lungs, and period of persistent bronchopulmonary damage. The pictorial diagnostics constitutes an indispensable or in the majority of cases the ultimate step taken in order to diagnose a foreign body in the airways. The suspicion of "acute aspiration" of a foreign body into the airways is always followed by directoscopy and bronchoscopy examinations.
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Keywords

airways; foreign body; bronchoscopy; children

About this article
Title

Foreign bodies of the larynx and lower airways in children

Journal

Chirurgia Polska (Polish Surgery)

Issue

Vol 5, No 1 (2003)

Pages

35-45

Published online

2003-04-02

Bibliographic record

Chirurgia Polska 2003;5(1):35-45.

Keywords

airways
foreign body
bronchoscopy
children

Authors

Ireneusz Bielecki
Łukasz Zygan
Agnieszka Krzemień-Gabriel

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