open access

Vol 9, No 4 (2007)
Published online: 2008-02-12
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Ameloblastomas and odontogenic cysts of the mandible - comparative analysis based on clinical, radiological and morphological material of the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice

Daria Wziątek-Kuczmik, Joanna Radzioch, Jacek Pająk, Iwona Niedzielska, Jan Drugacz
Chirurgia Polska 2007;9(4):212-217.

open access

Vol 9, No 4 (2007)
Published online: 2008-02-12

Abstract

Background: Odontogenic cysts and ameloblastomas are the most common cystic tumours involving the mandible. Cysts are benign structures which only rarely undergo metaplastic transformation. Ameloblastoma is an epithelial tumour, locally invasive, which tends to produce local infiltrations. Aim of the study was retrospective comparison of cystic tumours of the mandible.
Material and methods: The study group comprised 51 patients with extensive cystic tumours of the mandible including 31 odontogenic cysts and 20 ameloblastomas. Odontogenic cysts were found in 20 male patients aged 10 to 81, and 11 female subjects aged 10 to 66 years. Ameloblastomas were diagnosed in 10 men aged 19 to 72, and 10 women aged 27 to 80 years. The clinical, radiological, and histological features of the odontogenic cysts and ameloblastomas were analysed. Histological preparations were imaged microscopically, and classified according to patterns recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Conclusions: The study and a meticulous comparative analysis have demonstrated similarities in the clinical and radiological features of odontogenic cysts and ameloblastomas. Differential diagnosis is based on their histological patterns.

Abstract

Background: Odontogenic cysts and ameloblastomas are the most common cystic tumours involving the mandible. Cysts are benign structures which only rarely undergo metaplastic transformation. Ameloblastoma is an epithelial tumour, locally invasive, which tends to produce local infiltrations. Aim of the study was retrospective comparison of cystic tumours of the mandible.
Material and methods: The study group comprised 51 patients with extensive cystic tumours of the mandible including 31 odontogenic cysts and 20 ameloblastomas. Odontogenic cysts were found in 20 male patients aged 10 to 81, and 11 female subjects aged 10 to 66 years. Ameloblastomas were diagnosed in 10 men aged 19 to 72, and 10 women aged 27 to 80 years. The clinical, radiological, and histological features of the odontogenic cysts and ameloblastomas were analysed. Histological preparations were imaged microscopically, and classified according to patterns recognized by the World Health Organization (WHO).
Conclusions: The study and a meticulous comparative analysis have demonstrated similarities in the clinical and radiological features of odontogenic cysts and ameloblastomas. Differential diagnosis is based on their histological patterns.
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Keywords

ameloblastoma; cyst; mandible; differential diagnosis

About this article
Title

Ameloblastomas and odontogenic cysts of the mandible - comparative analysis based on clinical, radiological and morphological material of the Department of Maxillofacial Surgery, Medical University of Silesia, Katowice

Journal

Chirurgia Polska (Polish Surgery)

Issue

Vol 9, No 4 (2007)

Pages

212-217

Published online

2008-02-12

Bibliographic record

Chirurgia Polska 2007;9(4):212-217.

Keywords

ameloblastoma
cyst
mandible
differential diagnosis

Authors

Daria Wziątek-Kuczmik
Joanna Radzioch
Jacek Pająk
Iwona Niedzielska
Jan Drugacz

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