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Temporal evolution of liver function parameters predicts clinical outcome in chronic heart failure patients (Bio-SHiFT study)

Dominika Klimczak-Tomaniak12, Karolina Andrzejczyk1, Sabrina Abou Kamar1, Sara Baart3, Nick van Boven1, K. Martijn Akkerhuis1, Alina Constantinescu1, Kadir Caliskan1, Suat Simsek4, Tjeerd Germanse5, Jan van Ramshorst6, Jasper Brugts1, Marek Kuch2, Victor Umans6, Eric Boersma1, Isabella Kardys1
Pubmed: 38408202

Abstract

Background: Liver dysfunction contributes to worse clinical outcomes in heart failure (HF) patients. However, studies exploring temporal evolutions of liver function parameters in chronic HF (CHF) pa- tients, and their associations with clinical outcome, are scarce. Detailed temporal patterns of alkaline phosphatase (ALP), gamma glutamyl transpeptidase (GGTP), total bilirubin (TBIL) and albumin (ALB) were investigated, and their relation with clinical outcome, in patients with stable CHF with reduced ejection fraction. Methods: Tri-monthly plasma samples were collected from 250 patients during 2.2 (1.4–2.5) years of follow-up. ALP, GGTP, ALB, and TBIL were measured in 749 selected samples and the relationship between repeatedly measured biomarker levels and the primary endpoint (PEP; composite of cardiovas- cular death, heart transplantation, left ventricular assist device implantation, and hospitalization for worsened HF) was evaluated by joint models. Results: Mean age was 66 ± 13 years; 74% were men, 25% in New York Heart Association class III–IV. 66 (26%) patients reached the PEP. Repeatedly measured levels of TBIL, ALP, GGTP, and ALB were associated with the PEP after adjustment for N-terminal prohormone B-type natriuretic peptide and high sensitivity troponin T (hazard ratio [95% confidence interval] per doubling of biomarker level: 1.98 [1.32; 2.95], p = 0.002; 1.84 [1.09; 3.05], p = 0.018, 1.33 [1.08; 1.63], p = 0.006 and 1.14 [1.09; 1.20], p < 0.001, respectively). Serial levels of ALP and GGTP, and slopes of the temporal evolutions of ALB and TBIL, adjusted for clinical variables, were also significantly associated with the PEP. Conclusions: Changes in serum levels of TBIL, ALP, GGTP, and ALB precede adverse cardiovascular events in patients with CHF. These routine liver function parameters may provide additional prognostic information in heart failure with reduced ejection fraction patients in clinical practice.

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