open access

Vol 27, No 2 (2023)
Original paper
Published online: 2023-03-13
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Variations in blood pressure in adolescents and its correlation with different anthropometric measurements: a cross-sectional study

Dev Himanshubhai Desai1, Aparajita Shukla1
·
Arterial Hypertension 2023;27(2):78-87.
Affiliations
  1. SMT. NHLMMC, VS-SVP Hospital, Ellisbridge, Ahmedabad, India

open access

Vol 27, No 2 (2023)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2023-03-13

Abstract

Background: Anthropometry is emerging as a useful tool in assessing the future risk of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (and diabetic nephropathy, diabetic neuropathy, diabetic retinopathy), hypercholesterolemia, atherosclerosis, coronary artery diseases, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Body mass index (BMI) and waist–hip ratio (WHR) are used extensively in the forecast of cardio-vascular diseases. The main risk factor for such diseases is hypertension and the correlation of hypertension with BMI and/or WHR gives one the ability to forecast the diseases as risk assessment from a young age and proper techniques can be utilized to delay them. The aim of this study was to correlate BMI and WHR with hypertension in young adults and adolescents.

Material and methods: A cross sectional, record-based study of adolescents from age group 17–19 (n = 946) was done and analyzed.

Results: Data of a total of 465 males and 481 females (n = 946) were analyzed. In both males and females, mean blood pressure [both systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP)] showed a positive correlation with increasing ranges of BMI and WHR. Values of Pearson correlation coefficient and p-value: Males: SBP -> BMI = 0.236 (p < 0.0001); DBP -> BMI = 0.187 (p < 0.0001); Males: SBP -> WHR = 0.194 (p < 0.0001); DBP -> WHR = 0.148 (p < 0.0001); Females: SBP -> BMI = 0.249 (p <0.0001); DBP -> BMI = 0.267 (p < 0.0001); Females: SBP -> WHR = 0.090 (p < 0.0001); DBP -> WHR= 0.116 (p < 0.0001). The correlation between BMI and WHR in males was 0.234 (p < 0.0001) and in females, it was 0.172 (p < 0.0001).

Conclusion: A steady increase in SBP and DBP is correlated with an increase in BMI and WHR. This leads to the efficacy of these methods in assessing future risks. It was found that hypertension was correlated with BMI and WHR; there was also a correlation between BMI and WHR.

Abstract

Background: Anthropometry is emerging as a useful tool in assessing the future risk of chronic diseases such as type 2 diabetes mellitus (and diabetic nephropathy, diabetic neuropathy, diabetic retinopathy), hypercholesterolemia, atherosclerosis, coronary artery diseases, nonalcoholic fatty liver disease (NAFLD). Body mass index (BMI) and waist–hip ratio (WHR) are used extensively in the forecast of cardio-vascular diseases. The main risk factor for such diseases is hypertension and the correlation of hypertension with BMI and/or WHR gives one the ability to forecast the diseases as risk assessment from a young age and proper techniques can be utilized to delay them. The aim of this study was to correlate BMI and WHR with hypertension in young adults and adolescents.

Material and methods: A cross sectional, record-based study of adolescents from age group 17–19 (n = 946) was done and analyzed.

Results: Data of a total of 465 males and 481 females (n = 946) were analyzed. In both males and females, mean blood pressure [both systolic (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP)] showed a positive correlation with increasing ranges of BMI and WHR. Values of Pearson correlation coefficient and p-value: Males: SBP -> BMI = 0.236 (p < 0.0001); DBP -> BMI = 0.187 (p < 0.0001); Males: SBP -> WHR = 0.194 (p < 0.0001); DBP -> WHR = 0.148 (p < 0.0001); Females: SBP -> BMI = 0.249 (p <0.0001); DBP -> BMI = 0.267 (p < 0.0001); Females: SBP -> WHR = 0.090 (p < 0.0001); DBP -> WHR= 0.116 (p < 0.0001). The correlation between BMI and WHR in males was 0.234 (p < 0.0001) and in females, it was 0.172 (p < 0.0001).

Conclusion: A steady increase in SBP and DBP is correlated with an increase in BMI and WHR. This leads to the efficacy of these methods in assessing future risks. It was found that hypertension was correlated with BMI and WHR; there was also a correlation between BMI and WHR.

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Keywords

anthropometry; BMI; waist-hip ratio; hypertension; risks

About this article
Title

Variations in blood pressure in adolescents and its correlation with different anthropometric measurements: a cross-sectional study

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 27, No 2 (2023)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

78-87

Published online

2023-03-13

Page views

1526

Article views/downloads

314

DOI

10.5603/AH.a2023.0012

Bibliographic record

Arterial Hypertension 2023;27(2):78-87.

Keywords

anthropometry
BMI
waist-hip ratio
hypertension
risks

Authors

Dev Himanshubhai Desai
Aparajita Shukla

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