open access

Vol 25, No 4 (2021)
Original paper
Published online: 2021-10-14
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Cardiorespiratory effect of Swedish back massage in hypertensive patients: a randomized clinical trial

Mehdi Moghadasi1, Zinat Mohebbi1, Kaynoosh Homayouni2, Mohammad Hossein Nikoo3
DOI: 10.5603/AH.a2021.0026
·
Arterial Hypertension 2021;25(4):159-163.
Affiliations
  1. Department of Nursing, School of Nursing and Midwifery, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  2. Research Center for Traditional Medicine and History of Medicine, Shiraz University of Medical Sciences, Shiraz, Iran
  3. Noncommunicable Disease Research Center, Shiraz, Iran

open access

Vol 25, No 4 (2021)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2021-10-14

Abstract

Background: Chronic stress is one of the main risk factors for incident hypertension. Behavioral methodologies, such as unwinding and rub, have a dramatic effect on controlling the individuals’ reaction to stress, diminishing hypertension and heart rate, as well as changing temperature and respiration rate.

Material and methods: 90 patients with primary hypertension were enrolled to this open-label study. The patients have been haphazardly classified into an affect and an intervention cluster. In the two groups, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature and respiratory rate) were measured and recorded two times a week before and after a ten-min Swedish back massage and relaxation for six weeks. The records have been accrued using a questionnaire which includes demographic records, a checklist of vital signs (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, and respiratory) record, a fixed manometer and thermometer.

Results: Within the experimental group, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory levels reduced to 6.44 and 4.77 mm Hg, 2.9 bpm, 0.94 breaths per minute, respectively (p < 0.001) and temperature increased to 0.08°C after the back massage (p = 0.004).

Conclusion: The obtained results show the effectiveness of back massage in reducing blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory as well as increased temperature in the study participants.

Abstract

Background: Chronic stress is one of the main risk factors for incident hypertension. Behavioral methodologies, such as unwinding and rub, have a dramatic effect on controlling the individuals’ reaction to stress, diminishing hypertension and heart rate, as well as changing temperature and respiration rate.

Material and methods: 90 patients with primary hypertension were enrolled to this open-label study. The patients have been haphazardly classified into an affect and an intervention cluster. In the two groups, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature and respiratory rate) were measured and recorded two times a week before and after a ten-min Swedish back massage and relaxation for six weeks. The records have been accrued using a questionnaire which includes demographic records, a checklist of vital signs (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, and respiratory) record, a fixed manometer and thermometer.

Results: Within the experimental group, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory levels reduced to 6.44 and 4.77 mm Hg, 2.9 bpm, 0.94 breaths per minute, respectively (p < 0.001) and temperature increased to 0.08°C after the back massage (p = 0.004).

Conclusion: The obtained results show the effectiveness of back massage in reducing blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory as well as increased temperature in the study participants.

Get Citation

Keywords

cardiorespiratory; back massage; hypertension

About this article
Title

Cardiorespiratory effect of Swedish back massage in hypertensive patients: a randomized clinical trial

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 25, No 4 (2021)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

159-163

Published online

2021-10-14

Page views

2638

Article views/downloads

228

DOI

10.5603/AH.a2021.0026

Bibliographic record

Arterial Hypertension 2021;25(4):159-163.

Keywords

cardiorespiratory
back massage
hypertension

Authors

Mehdi Moghadasi
Zinat Mohebbi
Kaynoosh Homayouni
Mohammad Hossein Nikoo

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