Vol 25, No 4 (2021)
Original paper
Published online: 2021-10-14

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Cardiorespiratory effect of Swedish back massage in hypertensive patients: a randomized clinical trial

Mehdi Moghadasi1, Zinat Mohebbi1, Kaynoosh Homayouni2, Mohammad Hossein Nikoo3
Arterial Hypertension 2021;25(4):159-163.

Abstract

Background: Chronic stress is one of the main risk factors for incident hypertension. Behavioral methodologies, such as unwinding and rub, have a dramatic effect on controlling the individuals’ reaction to stress, diminishing hypertension and heart rate, as well as changing temperature and respiration rate.

Material and methods: 90 patients with primary hypertension were enrolled to this open-label study. The patients have been haphazardly classified into an affect and an intervention cluster. In the two groups, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, body temperature and respiratory rate) were measured and recorded two times a week before and after a ten-min Swedish back massage and relaxation for six weeks. The records have been accrued using a questionnaire which includes demographic records, a checklist of vital signs (systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, temperature, and respiratory) record, a fixed manometer and thermometer.

Results: Within the experimental group, systolic and diastolic blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory levels reduced to 6.44 and 4.77 mm Hg, 2.9 bpm, 0.94 breaths per minute, respectively (p < 0.001) and temperature increased to 0.08°C after the back massage (p = 0.004).

Conclusion: The obtained results show the effectiveness of back massage in reducing blood pressure, heart rate, and respiratory as well as increased temperature in the study participants.

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