open access

Vol 24, No 4 (2020)
Original paper
Published online: 2020-12-03
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Effect of amlodipine on the manifestations of chronic insomnia in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Ganna Isayeva, Olena Buriakovska, Anna Shalimova
DOI: 10.5603/AH.a2020.0026
·
Arterial Hypertension 2020;24(4):192-199.

open access

Vol 24, No 4 (2020)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2020-12-03

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to assess the association between antihypertensive therapy and the manifestations of insomnia in patients with arterial hypertension (AH) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Material and methods: The study included 120 hypertensive patients with and without T2DM (among them there were 60 patients with insomnia). The study consisted of three stages. The first stage was conducted as a cross-sectional study, during which an association was established between different antihypertensive products and the presence of insomnia in the study population. The second and third stages were a prospective study, during which a modification of the therapy to reduce the manifestations of insomnia was performed.

Results: It was found that patients receiving amlodipine in the combination antihypertensive therapy had insomnia manifestations much less frequently as compared to indapamide. A statically significant decrease in blood pressure (BP) and a higher proportion of patients with target BP were observed in both groups. Replacement of indapamide with amlodipine was shown to improve sleep quality. Thus, the number of patients with insomnia significantly decreased in both groups. After correction of antihypertensive therapy after 12 months, all patients were assessed for sleep disorders. The incidence of insomnia was found to be significantly reduced in both groups after changing therapy from indapamide to amlodipine.

Conclusions: Correction of antihypertensive therapy, namely the replacement of indapamide with amlodipine, contributes to an improvement in BP, quality of life, and a reduction in the proportion of patients with insomnia.

Abstract

Background: The aim of the study was to assess the association between antihypertensive therapy and the manifestations of insomnia in patients with arterial hypertension (AH) and type 2 diabetes mellitus (T2DM).

Material and methods: The study included 120 hypertensive patients with and without T2DM (among them there were 60 patients with insomnia). The study consisted of three stages. The first stage was conducted as a cross-sectional study, during which an association was established between different antihypertensive products and the presence of insomnia in the study population. The second and third stages were a prospective study, during which a modification of the therapy to reduce the manifestations of insomnia was performed.

Results: It was found that patients receiving amlodipine in the combination antihypertensive therapy had insomnia manifestations much less frequently as compared to indapamide. A statically significant decrease in blood pressure (BP) and a higher proportion of patients with target BP were observed in both groups. Replacement of indapamide with amlodipine was shown to improve sleep quality. Thus, the number of patients with insomnia significantly decreased in both groups. After correction of antihypertensive therapy after 12 months, all patients were assessed for sleep disorders. The incidence of insomnia was found to be significantly reduced in both groups after changing therapy from indapamide to amlodipine.

Conclusions: Correction of antihypertensive therapy, namely the replacement of indapamide with amlodipine, contributes to an improvement in BP, quality of life, and a reduction in the proportion of patients with insomnia.

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Keywords

insomnia; arterial hypertension; type 2 diabetes mellitus; amlodipine

About this article
Title

Effect of amlodipine on the manifestations of chronic insomnia in hypertensive patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 24, No 4 (2020)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

192-199

Published online

2020-12-03

DOI

10.5603/AH.a2020.0026

Bibliographic record

Arterial Hypertension 2020;24(4):192-199.

Keywords

insomnia
arterial hypertension
type 2 diabetes mellitus
amlodipine

Authors

Ganna Isayeva
Olena Buriakovska
Anna Shalimova

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