open access

Vol 24, No 4 (2020)
Original paper
Published online: 2020-11-25
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Triggering factors related to hypertension in the City of Kendal, Indonesia

Livana PH, Yazid Basthomi
DOI: 10.5603/AH.a2020.0024
·
Arterial Hypertension 2020;24(4):181-191.

open access

Vol 24, No 4 (2020)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2020-11-25

Abstract

Background: Hypertension, which is one of the major health problems, not only in Indonesia but also around the world, has attracted a great number of concerns. Hypertension is a risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, kidney failure, and stroke. Most people with hypertension do not know that they are hypertensive, so they tend not to get proper treatment. The factors that influence the occurrence of hypertension are divided into two major groups, namely, those that cannot be controlled such as gender, age, genetic properties and race, and those that can be controlled such as diet, exercise habits, employment, consumption of salt, coffee, alcohol and stress. The study aims to determine the triggering factors associated with hypertension.

Material and methods: This type of quantitative research using descriptive correlation study method was conducted on individuals aged over 18 years in the city of Kendal, Central Java, amounting to 428 people. The sample was pooled employing purposive sampling technique. The data was collected using a questionnaire. The data were analyzed univariably in the form of frequency distribution and bivariately using the Chi-square test.

Results: The results show that the majority of the respondents with hypertension were those aged 51–60 years, male,
and working as fishermen. In this regard, there are a factor of hypertension, obesity in the moderate category, and stage III hypertension. In addition, there is a relationship between the triggering factors of hypertension (age, gender, employment, heredity, obesity) and the incidence of hypertension (p value < 0.005).

Conclusion: Triggering factors related to hypertension include age, gender, employment, heredity, and obesity level.

Abstract

Background: Hypertension, which is one of the major health problems, not only in Indonesia but also around the world, has attracted a great number of concerns. Hypertension is a risk factor for heart disease, diabetes, kidney failure, and stroke. Most people with hypertension do not know that they are hypertensive, so they tend not to get proper treatment. The factors that influence the occurrence of hypertension are divided into two major groups, namely, those that cannot be controlled such as gender, age, genetic properties and race, and those that can be controlled such as diet, exercise habits, employment, consumption of salt, coffee, alcohol and stress. The study aims to determine the triggering factors associated with hypertension.

Material and methods: This type of quantitative research using descriptive correlation study method was conducted on individuals aged over 18 years in the city of Kendal, Central Java, amounting to 428 people. The sample was pooled employing purposive sampling technique. The data was collected using a questionnaire. The data were analyzed univariably in the form of frequency distribution and bivariately using the Chi-square test.

Results: The results show that the majority of the respondents with hypertension were those aged 51–60 years, male,
and working as fishermen. In this regard, there are a factor of hypertension, obesity in the moderate category, and stage III hypertension. In addition, there is a relationship between the triggering factors of hypertension (age, gender, employment, heredity, obesity) and the incidence of hypertension (p value < 0.005).

Conclusion: Triggering factors related to hypertension include age, gender, employment, heredity, and obesity level.

Get Citation

Keywords

age; gender; employment; heredity; level of obesity; hypertension

About this article
Title

Triggering factors related to hypertension in the City of Kendal, Indonesia

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 24, No 4 (2020)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

181-191

Published online

2020-11-25

DOI

10.5603/AH.a2020.0024

Bibliographic record

Arterial Hypertension 2020;24(4):181-191.

Keywords

age
gender
employment
heredity
level of obesity
hypertension

Authors

Livana PH
Yazid Basthomi

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