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Utility of Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) system to predict coronary artery disease severity in low to moderate risk hypertensive patients undergoing elective coronary angiography

Mehmet Eyuboglu, Metin KARAYAKALI, Kayihan KARAMAN, Arif ARISOY, Atac CELIK
DOI: 10.5603/AH.a2020.0017

open access

Ahead of print
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2020-09-17

Abstract

Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality in hypertensive patients. Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) is the preferred scoring system to predict future fatal cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients. However, the relationship between SCORE and coronary atherosclerosis is not well described. We aimed to invesitigate whether SCORE has a relationship with CAD severity in hypertensive patients, even in the absence of high risk features. Material and methods: 452 hypertensive patients who underwent elective coronary angiography and defined as low or moderate risk according to SCORE were included into the study. Patients were divided into two groups. Patients with a SCORE<1% were defined as low risk group, and patients with a SCORE≥1% and<5% were defined as moderate risk group. The groups were compared regarding CAD severity. Results: The frequency of stenotic CAD and multivessel disease, and mean SYNTAX score, were significantly higher in SCORE≥1%, and<5% group compared to patients with SCORE<1%. Correlation analysis revealed a significant positive moderate correlation between SCORE and SYNTAX score (Pearson’r:0.679, p<0.001). ROC curve analysis demonstrated that a SCORE≥3% predicted SYNTAX score>22 with a sensitivity 75% and a specificity 86.5% (AUC:0.879, p<0.001). Furthermore, multivariate analysis demonstrated that SCORE was an independent predictor of stenotic CAD (OR:1.616, p<0.001), multivessel disease (OR:1.913, p<0.001), and SYNTAX score>22. (OR:1.817, p<0.001). Conclusion: Our results suggest that SCORE is associated with CAD severity in hypertensive patients even in the absence of high risk features. The SCORE system may be useful in further risk stratification of hypertensive patients with moderate risk features and suspected CAD.

Abstract

Background: Coronary artery disease (CAD) is the leading cause of mortality in hypertensive patients. Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) is the preferred scoring system to predict future fatal cardiovascular events in hypertensive patients. However, the relationship between SCORE and coronary atherosclerosis is not well described. We aimed to invesitigate whether SCORE has a relationship with CAD severity in hypertensive patients, even in the absence of high risk features. Material and methods: 452 hypertensive patients who underwent elective coronary angiography and defined as low or moderate risk according to SCORE were included into the study. Patients were divided into two groups. Patients with a SCORE<1% were defined as low risk group, and patients with a SCORE≥1% and<5% were defined as moderate risk group. The groups were compared regarding CAD severity. Results: The frequency of stenotic CAD and multivessel disease, and mean SYNTAX score, were significantly higher in SCORE≥1%, and<5% group compared to patients with SCORE<1%. Correlation analysis revealed a significant positive moderate correlation between SCORE and SYNTAX score (Pearson’r:0.679, p<0.001). ROC curve analysis demonstrated that a SCORE≥3% predicted SYNTAX score>22 with a sensitivity 75% and a specificity 86.5% (AUC:0.879, p<0.001). Furthermore, multivariate analysis demonstrated that SCORE was an independent predictor of stenotic CAD (OR:1.616, p<0.001), multivessel disease (OR:1.913, p<0.001), and SYNTAX score>22. (OR:1.817, p<0.001). Conclusion: Our results suggest that SCORE is associated with CAD severity in hypertensive patients even in the absence of high risk features. The SCORE system may be useful in further risk stratification of hypertensive patients with moderate risk features and suspected CAD.

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Keywords

Hypertension: coronary artery disease; coronary angiography; SCORE; SYNTAX score

About this article
Title

Utility of Systematic Coronary Risk Evaluation (SCORE) system to predict coronary artery disease severity in low to moderate risk hypertensive patients undergoing elective coronary angiography

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Ahead of print

Published online

2020-09-17

DOI

10.5603/AH.a2020.0017

Keywords

Hypertension: coronary artery disease
coronary angiography
SCORE
SYNTAX score

Authors

Mehmet Eyuboglu
Metin KARAYAKALI
Kayihan KARAMAN
Arif ARISOY
Atac CELIK

References (17)
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