open access

Vol 25, No 1 (2021)
Original paper
Published online: 2021-02-02
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Blood pressure lowering effects of alpha-lipoic acid supplementation: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Virginia Boccardi, Mohsen Taghizadeh, Mina Salek, Sadegh Jafarnejad
DOI: 10.5603/AH.a2021.0001
·
Arterial Hypertension 2021;25(1):29-38.

open access

Vol 25, No 1 (2021)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2021-02-02

Abstract

Background: The aim of the present meta-analysis was to detect the effect of a-lipoic acid (ALA) supplementation
on systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP).

Material and methods: The related records were selected from several electronic databases from the earliest date 1980 until October 2019. The heterogeneities were assessed by I2 test (I2 < 50%) and X2 test on Cochrane’s Q statistic. Standardized mean difference (SMD) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were considered for net change in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Subgroup analyses were also conducted by baseline BP, health status, doses of supplementation, study duration and supplement utilization.

Results: As a result, a total of 10 studies with 612 subjects were included in the final analysis. Alpha-lipoic acid supplementation significantly reduced SBP (SMD = –0.50, 95% CI: –0.84, –0.16, p = 0.004) and DBP (SMD = –0.40, 95% CI: –0.71, –0.09, p = 0.01), compared to the controls, with the reduction of 6.1 mm Hg and 3.6 mm Hg of the mean SBP and DBP, respectively. Heterogeneities were explored in both SBP and DBP. Moreover, a statistically significant reduction in BP was detected in elevated BP and hypertensive patients as compared with the normotensive subjects.

Conclusion: ALA supplementation could be considered as a BP-lowering agent, especially in subjects with higher blood pressure.

Abstract

Background: The aim of the present meta-analysis was to detect the effect of a-lipoic acid (ALA) supplementation
on systolic and diastolic blood pressure (BP).

Material and methods: The related records were selected from several electronic databases from the earliest date 1980 until October 2019. The heterogeneities were assessed by I2 test (I2 < 50%) and X2 test on Cochrane’s Q statistic. Standardized mean difference (SMD) and their 95% confidence intervals (CIs) were considered for net change in systolic blood pressure (SBP) and diastolic blood pressure (DBP). Subgroup analyses were also conducted by baseline BP, health status, doses of supplementation, study duration and supplement utilization.

Results: As a result, a total of 10 studies with 612 subjects were included in the final analysis. Alpha-lipoic acid supplementation significantly reduced SBP (SMD = –0.50, 95% CI: –0.84, –0.16, p = 0.004) and DBP (SMD = –0.40, 95% CI: –0.71, –0.09, p = 0.01), compared to the controls, with the reduction of 6.1 mm Hg and 3.6 mm Hg of the mean SBP and DBP, respectively. Heterogeneities were explored in both SBP and DBP. Moreover, a statistically significant reduction in BP was detected in elevated BP and hypertensive patients as compared with the normotensive subjects.

Conclusion: ALA supplementation could be considered as a BP-lowering agent, especially in subjects with higher blood pressure.

Get Citation

Keywords

α-lipoic acid; blood pressure; systematic review; meta-analysis; RCT

About this article
Title

Blood pressure lowering effects of alpha-lipoic acid supplementation: a meta-analysis of randomized controlled trials

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 25, No 1 (2021)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

29-38

Published online

2021-02-02

DOI

10.5603/AH.a2021.0001

Bibliographic record

Arterial Hypertension 2021;25(1):29-38.

Keywords

α-lipoic acid
blood pressure
systematic review
meta-analysis
RCT

Authors

Virginia Boccardi
Mohsen Taghizadeh
Mina Salek
Sadegh Jafarnejad

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