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Vol 20, No 3 (2016)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2016-09-29
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Comparison of the concentration of leptin between obese women and obese men with essential hypertension

Justyna Widecka, Katarzyna Widecka-Ostrowska, Joanna Ziemak, Anna Brzeska, Jacek Głowala, Tomasz Miazgowski, Krystyna Widecka
DOI: 10.5603/AH.2016.0016
·
Arterial Hypertension 2016;20(3):108-112.

open access

Vol 20, No 3 (2016)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2016-09-29

Abstract

Background The main determinants of the level of leptin in human plasma are the fat mass and sex. In recent literature many papers have been published indicating the participation of leptin in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension. The aim of this study was to compare serum levels of leptin and evaluate its importance in the pathophysiology of hypertension in obese men and women.

Material and methods The study was conducted in a group of a total of 52 obese individuals (26 women and 26 men) with newly diagnosed essential hypertension. The study protocol included blood sample collection for the measurements of biochemical parameters and hormone levels. Biochemical assays were performed using routine methods. Serum insulin was determined by immunoradiometric assay (IRMA). The index of insulin resistance (IR) was calculated using HOMA. Leptin, plasma renin activity (PRA) and plasma aldosterone concentration were determined by radioimmunoassay (RIA).

Results No significant differences were found between women and men in terms of age, BMI, blood pressure, total cholesterol, LDL and fasting glucose. Men had slightly but significantly higher waist circumference. The group of women had significantly higher levels of leptin, insulin and insulin resistance, and a higher PRA and aldosterone levels than males. In the group studied, leptin significantly positively correlated with blood pressure, as well as with the concentration of aldosterone and renin both in women and in men. There was no similar relationship between leptin and insulin and the insulin resistance index.

Conclusions

  1. Women with obesity and hypertension have higher levels of leptin than obese men with hypertension.
  2. Reported correlations between plasma leptin concentration and blood pressure suggest that it is directly or indirectly involved in the pathophysiology of hypertension in obese individuals regardless of gender.

Abstract

Background The main determinants of the level of leptin in human plasma are the fat mass and sex. In recent literature many papers have been published indicating the participation of leptin in the pathogenesis of essential hypertension. The aim of this study was to compare serum levels of leptin and evaluate its importance in the pathophysiology of hypertension in obese men and women.

Material and methods The study was conducted in a group of a total of 52 obese individuals (26 women and 26 men) with newly diagnosed essential hypertension. The study protocol included blood sample collection for the measurements of biochemical parameters and hormone levels. Biochemical assays were performed using routine methods. Serum insulin was determined by immunoradiometric assay (IRMA). The index of insulin resistance (IR) was calculated using HOMA. Leptin, plasma renin activity (PRA) and plasma aldosterone concentration were determined by radioimmunoassay (RIA).

Results No significant differences were found between women and men in terms of age, BMI, blood pressure, total cholesterol, LDL and fasting glucose. Men had slightly but significantly higher waist circumference. The group of women had significantly higher levels of leptin, insulin and insulin resistance, and a higher PRA and aldosterone levels than males. In the group studied, leptin significantly positively correlated with blood pressure, as well as with the concentration of aldosterone and renin both in women and in men. There was no similar relationship between leptin and insulin and the insulin resistance index.

Conclusions

  1. Women with obesity and hypertension have higher levels of leptin than obese men with hypertension.
  2. Reported correlations between plasma leptin concentration and blood pressure suggest that it is directly or indirectly involved in the pathophysiology of hypertension in obese individuals regardless of gender.

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Keywords

leptin, arterial hypertension, obesity, sex

About this article
Title

Comparison of the concentration of leptin between obese women and obese men with essential hypertension

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 20, No 3 (2016)

Pages

108-112

Published online

2016-09-29

DOI

10.5603/AH.2016.0016

Bibliographic record

Arterial Hypertension 2016;20(3):108-112.

Keywords

leptin
arterial hypertension
obesity
sex

Authors

Justyna Widecka
Katarzyna Widecka-Ostrowska
Joanna Ziemak
Anna Brzeska
Jacek Głowala
Tomasz Miazgowski
Krystyna Widecka

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