open access

Vol 20, No 2 (2016)
Original paper
Published online: 2016-06-30
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Prevalence of sleep apnoea in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) receiving renal replacement therapy by haemodialysis

Ilona Miśkowiec-Wiśniewska, Rafał Donderski, Jacek J. Klawe, Jacek Manitius
DOI: 10.5603/AH.2016.0008
·
Arterial Hypertension 2016;20(2):44-50.

open access

Vol 20, No 2 (2016)
ORIGINAL PAPERS
Published online: 2016-06-30

Abstract

Background. Sleep disorders in kidney disease patients occur more frequently than in the general population. Chronic renal disease patients are commonly diagnosed with sleep apnoea syndrome. It occurs in the obstructive, central and mixed form and is of multicausal nature. The aim of the present paper was to assess the frequency of individual types of sleep-related breathing disorders in chronically haemodialysed patients using polysomnography.

Material and methods. The study involved stage 5 CKD patients receiving continuous renal replacement therapy by haemodialysis.

Results. The obtained results suggest that weight gain between consecutive haemodialysis sessions correlates with more frequent occurrences of disordered breathing events (apnoeas and hypopnoeas) in patients on the night preceding haemodialysis session.

Conclusions. Positive linear correlations are observed of systolic and diastolic BP measured before PSG performed on the day before a haemodialysis session with the number of snoring episodes, which might suggest that breathing disorders affect the complex pathogenesis of hypertension in haemodialysed patients.

Abstract

Background. Sleep disorders in kidney disease patients occur more frequently than in the general population. Chronic renal disease patients are commonly diagnosed with sleep apnoea syndrome. It occurs in the obstructive, central and mixed form and is of multicausal nature. The aim of the present paper was to assess the frequency of individual types of sleep-related breathing disorders in chronically haemodialysed patients using polysomnography.

Material and methods. The study involved stage 5 CKD patients receiving continuous renal replacement therapy by haemodialysis.

Results. The obtained results suggest that weight gain between consecutive haemodialysis sessions correlates with more frequent occurrences of disordered breathing events (apnoeas and hypopnoeas) in patients on the night preceding haemodialysis session.

Conclusions. Positive linear correlations are observed of systolic and diastolic BP measured before PSG performed on the day before a haemodialysis session with the number of snoring episodes, which might suggest that breathing disorders affect the complex pathogenesis of hypertension in haemodialysed patients.

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Keywords

sleep, sleep apnoea, arterial hypertension, chronic kidney disease, haemodialysis therapy

About this article
Title

Prevalence of sleep apnoea in patients with chronic kidney disease (CKD) receiving renal replacement therapy by haemodialysis

Journal

Arterial Hypertension

Issue

Vol 20, No 2 (2016)

Article type

Original paper

Pages

44-50

Published online

2016-06-30

DOI

10.5603/AH.2016.0008

Bibliographic record

Arterial Hypertension 2016;20(2):44-50.

Keywords

sleep
sleep apnoea
arterial hypertension
chronic kidney disease
haemodialysis therapy

Authors

Ilona Miśkowiec-Wiśniewska
Rafał Donderski
Jacek J. Klawe
Jacek Manitius

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