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Vol 4, No 1 (2002)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2002-11-26
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Risk factors in ischemic stroke (preliminary study)

Zyta Banecka-Majkutewicz, Walenty M. Nyka, Małgorzata Krześniak-Bohdan, Grzegorz Kozera, Joanna Jakóbkiewicz-Banecka
Udar Mózgu. Problemy Interdyscyplinarne 2002;4(1):15-21.

open access

Vol 4, No 1 (2002)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2002-11-26

Abstract

The aim of the study was the epidemiological analysis of patients with ischemic stroke hospitalised in the Department of Neurology Medical Academy in Gdańsk in 2000 year. We especially investigated the risk factors for ischemic stroke in order to improve our ability to prevent stroke. We studied 222 patients with ischemic stroke. There were 79 (35.5%) women and 143 (64.4%) men. The mean age of the patients was 68.05 ± 13.4 years and it was statistically significantly higher in women (72.05 ± 12.4) than in men (65.9 ± 13.4) (p = 0.001). Stroke was more severe in women (mostly TACS), than in men (mostly PACS) and it was statistically significant. The statistical analysis were made using computer program StatView version 5.5. The most often observed risk factors were hypertension (68%), morbus coronarius (50.8%), hypercholesterolemia (27.9%). Diabetes mellitus and alcoholism were recognised in lower percent of the cases. In 60 (26.1%) patients the presence of a few risk factors in one patients were observed. The patients arrival to the hospital was: within 3 h from onset of stroke - 24.6%, within 6 h - 43.7% of patients. Early presentation of patients with acute stroke to the hospital is important for immediate treating within limited therapeutic time window. The CT examination was made in 94.9% of patients and in 53.7% within 24 h of symptom onset. During hospitalisation 38.7% patients significantly improved and 13.8% patients died within 30 days of stroke beginning. Comparison of the examination of the patients using Rankin scale showed improvement of our patients after treatment.

Abstract

The aim of the study was the epidemiological analysis of patients with ischemic stroke hospitalised in the Department of Neurology Medical Academy in Gdańsk in 2000 year. We especially investigated the risk factors for ischemic stroke in order to improve our ability to prevent stroke. We studied 222 patients with ischemic stroke. There were 79 (35.5%) women and 143 (64.4%) men. The mean age of the patients was 68.05 ± 13.4 years and it was statistically significantly higher in women (72.05 ± 12.4) than in men (65.9 ± 13.4) (p = 0.001). Stroke was more severe in women (mostly TACS), than in men (mostly PACS) and it was statistically significant. The statistical analysis were made using computer program StatView version 5.5. The most often observed risk factors were hypertension (68%), morbus coronarius (50.8%), hypercholesterolemia (27.9%). Diabetes mellitus and alcoholism were recognised in lower percent of the cases. In 60 (26.1%) patients the presence of a few risk factors in one patients were observed. The patients arrival to the hospital was: within 3 h from onset of stroke - 24.6%, within 6 h - 43.7% of patients. Early presentation of patients with acute stroke to the hospital is important for immediate treating within limited therapeutic time window. The CT examination was made in 94.9% of patients and in 53.7% within 24 h of symptom onset. During hospitalisation 38.7% patients significantly improved and 13.8% patients died within 30 days of stroke beginning. Comparison of the examination of the patients using Rankin scale showed improvement of our patients after treatment.
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Keywords

stroke’s risk factors; ischemic strokes; epidemiological studies

About this article
Title

Risk factors in ischemic stroke (preliminary study)

Journal

Interdisciplinary Problems of Stroke

Issue

Vol 4, No 1 (2002)

Pages

15-21

Published online

2002-11-26

Bibliographic record

Udar Mózgu. Problemy Interdyscyplinarne 2002;4(1):15-21.

Keywords

stroke’s risk factors
ischemic strokes
epidemiological studies

Authors

Zyta Banecka-Majkutewicz
Walenty M. Nyka
Małgorzata Krześniak-Bohdan
Grzegorz Kozera
Joanna Jakóbkiewicz-Banecka

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