Shortcuts

open access

Vol 4, No 2 (2002)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2003-03-11
Get Citation

Single-photon emission computed tomography in the assessment of cerebral blood flow abnormalities in selected syndromes of aphasia

Krzysztof Jodzio, Walenty M. Nyka, Piotr Lass, Dariusz Gąsecki
Udar Mózgu. Problemy Interdyscyplinarne 2002;4(2):39-46.

open access

Vol 4, No 2 (2002)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2003-03-11

Abstract

Background. A large variety of acquired aphasic syndromes can be correlated to relatively specific brain lesions located at distinct sites in the left cerebral hemisphere. The purpose of this article was to determine neuroanatomical correlates of aphasia following cerebrovascular accident.
Material and methods. The research involved 30 stroke patients with a single left-hemisphere-damage lesion and residual mild to severe aphasia. Language, assessed by the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination, was affected to various degrees by a wide range of pathologies. The single-photon emission-computed tomography (SPECT) images of the brain were acquired with 740 MBq (20 mCi) of Tc-99m-labeled ECD on a triple-headed gamma camera equipped with low-energy, high-resolution collimator. Comparisons of cerebral blood flow between patients with different types of aphasia were performed.
Results. The most prominent perfusion abnormalities in expressive aphasia, as determined by the laterality index, were found in the frontal lobe, and to a lesser degree, the parietal lobe and striatum, whereas the most prominent deficits in receptive aphasia were found in the left temporal and parietal areas. In mixed aphasia, SPECT images evidenced the most extensive damage throughout the perisylvian region of the left hemisphere.
Conclusions. There is a need for reinterpretation of the anatomical correlation of selected aphasic syndromes, especially classic expressive (Broca's) and receptive (Wernicke's) aphasias. The present study highlights the integrative role of some subcortical structures in language and speech functions. The results support the usefulness of regional cerebral blood flow SPECT imaging as a diagnostic aid in the post-stroke aphasias.

Abstract

Background. A large variety of acquired aphasic syndromes can be correlated to relatively specific brain lesions located at distinct sites in the left cerebral hemisphere. The purpose of this article was to determine neuroanatomical correlates of aphasia following cerebrovascular accident.
Material and methods. The research involved 30 stroke patients with a single left-hemisphere-damage lesion and residual mild to severe aphasia. Language, assessed by the Boston Diagnostic Aphasia Examination, was affected to various degrees by a wide range of pathologies. The single-photon emission-computed tomography (SPECT) images of the brain were acquired with 740 MBq (20 mCi) of Tc-99m-labeled ECD on a triple-headed gamma camera equipped with low-energy, high-resolution collimator. Comparisons of cerebral blood flow between patients with different types of aphasia were performed.
Results. The most prominent perfusion abnormalities in expressive aphasia, as determined by the laterality index, were found in the frontal lobe, and to a lesser degree, the parietal lobe and striatum, whereas the most prominent deficits in receptive aphasia were found in the left temporal and parietal areas. In mixed aphasia, SPECT images evidenced the most extensive damage throughout the perisylvian region of the left hemisphere.
Conclusions. There is a need for reinterpretation of the anatomical correlation of selected aphasic syndromes, especially classic expressive (Broca's) and receptive (Wernicke's) aphasias. The present study highlights the integrative role of some subcortical structures in language and speech functions. The results support the usefulness of regional cerebral blood flow SPECT imaging as a diagnostic aid in the post-stroke aphasias.
Get Citation

Keywords

aphasia; language; cerebrovascular accident; single-photon emission-computed tomography (SPECT)

About this article
Title

Single-photon emission computed tomography in the assessment of cerebral blood flow abnormalities in selected syndromes of aphasia

Journal

Interdisciplinary Problems of Stroke

Issue

Vol 4, No 2 (2002)

Pages

39-46

Published online

2003-03-11

Bibliographic record

Udar Mózgu. Problemy Interdyscyplinarne 2002;4(2):39-46.

Keywords

aphasia
language
cerebrovascular accident
single-photon emission-computed tomography (SPECT)

Authors

Krzysztof Jodzio
Walenty M. Nyka
Piotr Lass
Dariusz Gąsecki

Important: This website uses cookies. More >>

The cookies allow us to identify your computer and find out details about your last visit. They remembering whether you've visited the site before, so that you remain logged in - or to help us work out how many new website visitors we get each month. Most internet browsers accept cookies automatically, but you can change the settings of your browser to erase cookies or prevent automatic acceptance if you prefer.

Wydawcą serwisu jest  "Via Medica sp. z o.o." sp.k., ul. Świętokrzyska 73, 80–180 Gdańsk

tel.:+48 58 320 94 94, faks:+48 58 320 94 60, e-mail:  viamedica@viamedica.pl