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open access

Vol 6, No 2 (2004)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2004-06-23
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Risk factors of ischemic stroke in children I. Selected biochemical and immunological risk factors of ischemic stroke in children

Ilona Kopyta, Elżbieta Marszał
Udar Mózgu. Problemy Interdyscyplinarne 2004;6(2):47-55.

open access

Vol 6, No 2 (2004)
Prace oryginalne
Published online: 2004-06-23

Abstract

Opposite to the adult group of patients, stroke is rather rare condition in pediatric patients. It occurs with the frequency of about 3/100 000 children/year; ischemic stroke is less than 50% of general number. Although stroke occurs rare in children, but accidents of acute brain ischemia are the reason of motor disturbances, speach problems, developmental delay, school difficulties and epileptic seizures, and this is why it is so harmful for sick child’s future life. Risk factors for cerebrovascular diseases in pediatric patients have not been known as well as in adult group. Even if the diagnostic procedures are wide still about 20–30% of children the reason of stroke remains unknown. In recent years in spite of traditional risk factors of ischemic stroke, e.g. heart defects, aquired heart diseases or infections, also biochemical and immunological risk factors are concidered. The most important of them are: lipid metabolism disturbances, coagulopathies (deficiencies of protein C, protein S, antithrombin III) APCR, lp(a) and antiphospholipid syndrome.

Abstract

Opposite to the adult group of patients, stroke is rather rare condition in pediatric patients. It occurs with the frequency of about 3/100 000 children/year; ischemic stroke is less than 50% of general number. Although stroke occurs rare in children, but accidents of acute brain ischemia are the reason of motor disturbances, speach problems, developmental delay, school difficulties and epileptic seizures, and this is why it is so harmful for sick child’s future life. Risk factors for cerebrovascular diseases in pediatric patients have not been known as well as in adult group. Even if the diagnostic procedures are wide still about 20–30% of children the reason of stroke remains unknown. In recent years in spite of traditional risk factors of ischemic stroke, e.g. heart defects, aquired heart diseases or infections, also biochemical and immunological risk factors are concidered. The most important of them are: lipid metabolism disturbances, coagulopathies (deficiencies of protein C, protein S, antithrombin III) APCR, lp(a) and antiphospholipid syndrome.
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Keywords

ischemic stroke; children; risk factors; etiopathogenesis

About this article
Title

Risk factors of ischemic stroke in children I. Selected biochemical and immunological risk factors of ischemic stroke in children

Journal

Interdisciplinary Problems of Stroke

Issue

Vol 6, No 2 (2004)

Pages

47-55

Published online

2004-06-23

Bibliographic record

Udar Mózgu. Problemy Interdyscyplinarne 2004;6(2):47-55.

Keywords

ischemic stroke
children
risk factors
etiopathogenesis

Authors

Ilona Kopyta
Elżbieta Marszał

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